German submarine U-301

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-301
Ordered: 6 August 1940
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 301
Laid down: 12 February 1941
Launched: 25 March 1942
Commissioned: 9 May 1942
Fate: Sunk, 21 January 1943[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(9 May–30 September 1942)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 October–31 December 1942)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1–21 January 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Willy-Roderich Körner
(9 May 1942–21 January 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol: 1 October–7 November 1942
2nd patrol: 3–14 December 1942
3rd patrol: 20–21 January 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-301 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 12 February 1941 at the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck, launched on 25 March 1942, and commissioned on 9 May 1942 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Willy-Roderich Körner. During her short career the U-boat sailed on three combat patrols, without sinking or damaging any ships, before she was sunk on 21 January 1943.[2]

Service history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

After training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla at Kiel, U-301 was transferred to the 1st U-boat Flotilla based at Brest in France, for front-line service on 1 October 1942.[2] On that day U-301 departed Kiel and sailed out into the middle of the Atlantic,[4] operating as part of wolfpacks 'Panther', 'Puma' and 'Südwärts',[2] before arriving at Brest on 7 November.[3]

2nd patrol[edit]

U-301 sailed from Brest on 3 December 1942 through the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea and on to the U-boat base at La Spezia in northern Italy, arriving on 14 December.[5]

3rd patrol[edit]

Transferred to the 29th U-boat Flotilla on 1 January 1943,[2] U-301 sailed on her third and final patrol on 20 January.[3] The next day, U-301 was sunk west of Bonifacio, Corsica, in position 41°27′N 07°04′E / 41.450°N 7.067°E / 41.450; 7.067Coordinates: 41°27′N 07°04′E / 41.450°N 7.067°E / 41.450; 7.067 by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS Sahib.[2] According to Sahib's log the U-boat was first spotted proceeding on the surface early that morning at a distance of 4.5 miles (7.2 km). The Sahib closed to 2.6 miles (4.2 km) and into a more favourable position before firing a full salvo of six torpedoes at five second intervals. Three minutes later three explosions were heard, a large cloud of smoke was seen and it was noted that radio transmissions stopped.[6] Sahib closed and recovered the only survivor from the 46 crew, 19-year old Fähnrich zur See Wilhelm Rahn.[7]

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-301 took part in 3 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Panther (11 Oct 1942 - 16 Oct 1942)
  • Puma (16 Oct 1942 - 26 Oct 1942)
  • Südwärts (24 Oct 1942 - 26 Oct 1942)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 100.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-301". uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-301". uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-301 from 1 Oct 1942 to 7 Nov 1942". uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-301 from 3 Dec 1942 to 14 Dec 1942". uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945: U-301". u-boot-archiv.de. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "U-Boat Crew Lists U-301". ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]