German submarine U-302

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-302
Ordered: 6 August 1940
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 302
Laid down: 2 April 1941
Launched: 25 April 1942
Commissioned: 16 June 1942
Fate: Sunk, April 1943, in mid-Atlantic, by a British warship[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(16 May–30 November 1942)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 December 1942–31 May 1943)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(1 June–31 October 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Herbert Sickel
(16 June 1942–6 April 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 2–6 January 1942
2nd patrol: 10–29 January 1943
3rd patrol: 2–21 February 1943
4th patrol:14–15 March 1943
5th patrol: 9 June–19 July 1943
6th patrol: 30 July–22 September 1943
7th patrol; 6 December 1943–30 January 1944
8th patrol: 11 March–6 April 1944
Victories: Three ships sunk, for a total of 12,697 GRT.

German submarine U-302 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 2 April 1941 at the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as yard number 302, launched on 25 April 1942 and commissioned on 16 June under the command of Kapitänleutnant Herbert Sackel.

During her career, the U-boat sailed on eight combat patrols, sinking three ships, before she was sunk in April 1944 in mid-Atlantic by a British frigate.[2]

She was a member of 10 wolfpacks.

Service history[edit]

The boat's service life began with training with the 8th U-boat Flotilla in May 1942. She was then transferred to the 11th flotilla for operations on 1 December. She was reassigned to the 13th flotilla on 1 June 1943 and moved again to the 9th flotilla on 1 November.

The boat made the short journey from Kiel in Germany to Bergen in Norway, arriving on 1 December 1942.

1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th patrols[edit]

The submarine's first patrol began with her departure from Bergen on 2 January 1943.

Her fourth sortie finished in Narvik on 15 March 1943.

None of them was eventful.

The U-boat then made short voyages from Narvik to Trondheim to Hammerfest, (the latter lying in the far north of Norway).

5th and 6th patrols[edit]

Her fifth patrol took her around Bear Island, west of Svalbard, then around Bear Island again.

Her sixth effort was successful in that she sank the Soviet Dikson near Mona Island on 22 August 1943.[4]

7th patrol[edit]

Leaving Trondheim on 6 December 1943, she passed through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. She arrived at La Pallice in occupied France, on 30 January 1944.

8th patrol and loss[edit]

Her last patrol was her most successful, sinking the Ruth I and the South America on 6 April 1944.

She was also sunk on the 6th by depth charges[5] from the British frigate HMS Swale northwest of the Azores.

Fifty-one men died; there were no survivors.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[6]
28 August 1943 Dikson  Soviet Union 2,290 Sunk
6 April 1944 Ruth I  Norway 3,531 Sunk
6 April 1944 South America  Norway 6,246 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 181.
  2. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-302". uboat.net. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-302". uboat.net. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-302 from 30 July 1942 to 22 September 1942". uboat.net. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.u-boot-archiv.de/dieboote/u0302html U-302 at u-boot-archiv.de
  6. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u302.html
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°05′N 35°11′W / 45.083°N 35.183°W / 45.083; -35.183