German submarine U-304

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-304
Ordered: 7 December 1940
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 304[1]
Laid down: 14 June 1941
Launched: 13 June 1942
Commissioned: 5 August 1942
Fate: Sunk by aircraft, 28 May 1943
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F 46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490 surfaced
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296 submerged
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:

German submarine U-304 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She saw service in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Built in 1941 and 1942 at Flender-Werke, Lübeck,[1] U-304 was a Type VIIC U-boat, capable of lengthy ocean patrols and of operating in distant environments.

Service history[edit]

U-304 was launched on 13 June 1942 and commissioned 5 August 1942.[2]

Fate[edit]

On 28 May 1943 the boat was attacked by RAF Liberator bomber of 120 Squadron and sunk by bombs off Cape Farewell in the North Atlantic at 54°50′N 37°20′W / 54.833°N 37.333°W / 54.833; -37.333Coordinates: 54°50′N 37°20′W / 54.833°N 37.333°W / 54.833; -37.333. All 46 crew members died in the event.[2]

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-304 took part in 3 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Without name (7 May 1943 - 10 May 1943)
  • Isar (10 May 1943 - 15 May 1943)
  • Donau 1 (15 May 1943 - 26 May 1943)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Gröner 1985, p. 72.
  2. ^ a b Gröner 1985, p. 86.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.