German submarine U-310

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Career
Name: U-310
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 310
Laid down: 30 January 1942
Launched: 3 January 1943
Commissioned: 24 February 1943
Fate: Surrendered May 1945, broken up March 1947
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1][2]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(24 February–31 July 1943)
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–4 September 1943)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(5 September 1944–8 May 1945)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Klaus Friedland
(24 February–26 September 1943)
Oblt.z.S. Wolfgang Ley
(27 September 1943–8 May 1945)
Operations: 1st patrol:
13 September–21 September 1944
2nd patrol:
25 September–3 October 1944
3rd patrol:
14 October–11 November 1944
4th patrol:
22 November–14 December 1944
5th patrol:
25 December 1944–5 January 1945
6th patrol:
13 February–30 March 1945
Victories: Two ships sunk, for a total of 14,395 GRT.

German submarine U-310 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 30 January 1942 at the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as 'werk' 310, launched on 3 January 1943 and commissioned on 24 February under the command of Leutnant Klaus Friedland.

During her career, the U-boat sailed on six combat patrols, sinking two ships, before she surrendered in May 1945.[1]

She was a member of seven wolfpacks.

Service history[edit]

The boat's service life began with training with the 8th U-boat Flotilla in February 1943. She was then transferred to the 7th flotilla for operations on 1 August. She was reassigned to the 13th flotilla on 5 September 1944.

The boat made two short journeys from Kiel in Germany to Marviken and Egersund in Norway, between June and August 1944.

1st patrol[edit]

The submarine's first patrol began with her departure from Egersund (south of Stavanger), on 13 September 1944. She moved up the Norwegian coast, arriving in Narvik on the 21st.

2nd patrol[edit]

The boat torpedoed the Edward H. Crockett on 29 September 1944. The wreck was finished off with gunfire from HMS Milne. She also sank the Samsuva in the same attack off the North Cape.

3rd, 4th and 5th patrols[edit]

U-310's third sortie covered the Norwegian and Barents Seas.

In her fourth patrol, the U-boat rounded Bear Island and passed east of Murmansk.

Her fifth foray began in Harstad (northwest of Narvik), on 25 December 1944 and ended in Bogenbucht, (west of Narvik), on 5 January 1945.

6th patrol and fate[edit]

The U-boat's last patrol was relatively uneventful. She finished in Trondheim at war's end. There, she was broken up in March 1947.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[3]
29 September 1943 Edward H. Crockett  United States 7,176 Sunk
29 September 1943 Samsuva  United Kingdom 7,219 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-310". uboat.net. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-310". uboat.net. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  3. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u310.html
Bibliography

See also[edit]