German submarine U-320

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Career
Name: U-320
Ordered: 14 October 1942
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 320
Laid down: 1 December 1942
Launched: 6 November 1943
Commissioned: 30 December 1943
Fate: Badly damaged by a British aircraft in May 1945; scuttled in Norway[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 769 long tons (781 t) surfaced
871 long tons (885 t) submerged
Length: 67.23 m (220 ft 7 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,725 km (8,491 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 250 m (820 ft)
Crush depth: 275–325 m (902–1,066 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(30 December 1943–1 April 1944)
5th U-boat Flotilla
(1 April–8 May 1945)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Siegfried Breinlinger
(3 December 1943–10 July 1944)
Oblt.z.S. Heinz Emmrich*
(1 July 1944–8 May 1945)
Operations: Two patrols:
16–21 April 1945
27 April–8 May 1945
Victories: None

German submarine U-320 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out just two patrols, but did not sink any ships.

The boat was sunk in May 1945 by a British aircraft and scuttling in the North Sea, the last to be sunk by direct action.[4]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 1 December 1942 by the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as 'werk' 320, launched on 6 November 1943 and commissioned on 30 December under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Siegfried Breinlinger.

She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla for training, from 30 December 1943 to 1 April 1944 and the 5th flotilla for operations until her sinking on 8 May 1945.

1st patrol[edit]

U-320 departed Kiel on 16 April 1945 and arrived in Horten (south of Oslo), on the 21st.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

The boat left Horten on 27 April 1945. On 8 May she was badly damaged by depth charges dropped from a British Catalina of No. 210 Squadron RAF. The battered submarine managed to surface off the Norwegian coast, where she was scuttled.[4]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 261
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-320 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-320 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Kemp, p. 261

*Kemp spells his surname "Emmerich".

Bibliography

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 61°32′N 1°53′E / 61.533°N 1.883°E / 61.533; 1.883