German submarine U-320

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-320
Ordered: 14 October 1942
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 320
Laid down: 1 December 1942
Launched: 6 November 1943
Commissioned: 30 December 1943
Fate: Badly damaged by a British aircraft in May 1945; scuttled in Norway[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 250 m (820 ft)
Crush depth: 275–325 m (902–1,066 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(30 December 1943–1 April 1944)
5th U-boat Flotilla
(1 April–8 May 1945)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Siegfried Breinlinger
(3 December 1943–10 July 1944)
Oblt.z.S. Heinz Emmerich[note 1]
(1 July 1944–8 May 1945)
Operations: Two patrols:
16–21 April 1945
27 April–8 May 1945
Victories: None

German submarine U-320 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out just two patrols, but did not sink any ships.

The boat was badly damaged in early May 1945 by a British aircraft and consequently scuttled by the crew in the North Sea; the last to be sunk by direct action.[1]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 1 December 1942 by the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as yard number 320, launched on 6 November 1943 and commissioned on 30 December under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Siegfried Breinlinger.

She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla for training, from 30 December 1943 to 1 April 1944 and the 5th flotilla for operations until her sinking on 8 May 1945.

1st patrol[edit]

U-320 departed Kiel on 16 April 1945 and arrived in Horten (south of Oslo), on the 21st.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

The boat left Horten on 27 April 1945. On 8 May she was badly damaged by depth charges dropped from a British Catalina of No. 210 Squadron RAF. The battered submarine managed to surface off the Norwegian coast, where she was scuttled.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp spells his surname "Emmerich".
Citations
  1. ^ a b c Kemp 1999, p. 261.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-320". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-320". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg; Berlin; Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 61°32′N 1°53′E / 61.533°N 1.883°E / 61.533; 1.883