German submarine U-325

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Career
Name: U-325
Ordered: 16 July 1942
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 325
Laid down: 13 April 1943
Launched: 25 March 1944
Commissioned: 6 May 1944
Fate: Sunk, April 1945[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 769 long tons (781 t) surfaced
871 long tons (885 t) submerged
Length: 67.23 m (220 ft 7 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,725 km (8,491 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 250 m (820 ft)
Crush depth: 275–325 m (902–1,066 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(6 May 1944–30 November 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 December 1944–20 April 1945)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Erwin Dohrn
(6 May 1944–20 April 1945)
Operations: 1st patrol: 1–4 December 1944
2nd patrol: 9 December 1944–14 February 1945
3rd patrol: 20 March–20 April 1945
Victories: None

German submarine U-325 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of the German Navy (Kriegsmarine) during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 13 April 1943 at the Flender Werke at Lübeck, launched on 25 March 1944, and commissioned on 6 May 1944 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Erwin Dohrn.[2]

Service history[edit]

U-325's first patrol took her from Kiel in Germany to Horten in Norway, between 1 and 4 December 1944.[4] She then sailed from Horten on 9 December 1944, and around the British Isles into the western English Channel, before returning to Trondheim on 14 February 1945, although she recorded no successes.[5]

Loss[edit]

U-325 sailed from Trondheim on 20 March 1945 for her third and final patrol and was ordered to return to the waters off Lands End. Even though her last report was received on 7 April,[2] when Germany surrendered on 8 May 1945 U-325 was still considered operational by the U-boat High Command. However it soon became apparent that the submarine was lost.

The British initially attributed the loss of U-325 to a depth charge attack by the destroyers HMS Hesperus and Havelock on 30 April 1945. However, after later analysis of German records that submarine was re-identified as U-242, and U-325's fate was officially classified as "unknown".[6]

Discovery[edit]

The wreck of U-325 was finally discovered by Scuba divers in 2006, 17 kilometres (11 mi) South of Lizard Point at position 49°48′17″N 5°12′23″W / 49.804717°N 5.206383°W / 49.804717; -5.206383. To counter the increasing number of schnorkel-fitted U-boats in UK coastal waters, the First Sea Lord ordered a heavy anti-U-boat mining programme to be undertaken in the Western Approaches, Plymouth and Portsmouth Commands on 15 January 1945. By April 1945, nine different fields (Serial B1, part 1 to 4, Serial B2, part 1 to 4, and Serial B3, part 1), comprising 900 Mk XVII/XVII(8) mines were laid off Lizard Head. U-325 struck a mine in field B3, part 1. This field was laid by the coastal minelayer HMS Plover escorted by the minesweepers HMS lfracombe and HMS Shippigan.[7]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 255.
  2. ^ a b c "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-325 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-325 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  4. ^ "Patrol of U-boat U-325 from 1 Dec 1944 to 4 Dec 1944 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  5. ^ "Patrol of U-boat U-325 from 9 Dec 1944 to 14 Feb 1945 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  6. ^ "War Mystery Solved". www.cix.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  7. ^ Niestlé, A. 2010. The ‘Atlas’ Survey Zone: Deep-sea Archaeology & U-boat Loss Reassessments. PDF
Bibliography

External links[edit]

See also[edit]