German submarine U-32 (1937)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-32.
U-32 IWM HU 1011.jpg
Pre-war photograph of U-32. Note the boat's number on the conning tower which was erased on the commencement of hostilities
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-32
Ordered: 1 April 1935
Builder: DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen
Cost: 4,189,000 Reichsmark
Yard number: 913
Laid down: 15 March 1936
Launched: 25 February 1937
Commissioned: 15 April 1937
Fate: Sunk, 30 October 1940
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIA submarine
Displacement: 626 tonnes (616 long tons) surfaced
745 t (733 long tons) submerged
Length: 64.51 m (211 ft 8 in) o/a
45.5 m (149 ft 3 in) pressure hull
Beam: 5.85 m (19 ft 2 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN 6-cylinder 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesel engines, totaling 2,100–2,310 bhp (1,570–1,720 kW). Max rpm: 470-485
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totaling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 322
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph) surfaced
8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Range: 6,200 nautical miles (11,500 km; 7,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
73–94 nmi (135–174 km; 84–108 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Crush depth: 230–250 m (750–820 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 2nd U-boat Flotilla
(15 April 1937–30 October 1940)
Identification codes: M 00 459
Commanders: Kptlt. Werner Lott
(15 April 1937–15 August 1937)
K.Kapt. Paul Büchel
(16 August 1937–11 February 1940)
Oblt.z.S. Hans Jenisch
(12 February 1940–30 October 1940)
Operations: Nine:
1st patrol:
27 August–1 September 1939
2nd patrol:
5–30 September 1939
3rd patrol: 28 December 1939–22 January 1940
4th patrol:
26 February–23 March 1940
5th patrol:<br 8–14 May 1940
6th patrol:
3 June–1 July 1940
7th patrol:
15 August–8 September 1940
8th patrol:
18 September–6 October 1940
9th patrol:
24–30 October 1940
Victories: 20 commercial ships sunk (116,836 GRT)
four commercial ships damaged (32,274 GRT)
one warship damaged (8,000 GRT)

German submarine U-32 was a Type VIIA U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Her keel was laid down on 15 March 1936 by DeSchiMAG AG Weser of Bremen as 'yard number' 913. She was launched on 25 February 1937 and commissioned on 15 April with Kapitänleutnant (Kptlt.) Werner Lott in command. On 15 August 1937, Lott was relieved by Korvettenkapitän (K.Kapt.) Paul Büchel and on 12 February 1940 Oberleutnant zur See (Oblt.z.S.) Hans Jenisch took over, he was in charge of the boat until her loss.[2]

Service history[edit]

U-32 conducted nine patrols, sinking 20 ships, for a total of 116,836 gross register tons (GRT) and damaging five more, totalling 40,274 GRT. On 28 October 1940 U-32, under the command of Hans Jenisch, sank the 42,348-ton liner Empress of Britain, which had been previously damaged by German bombs. Empress was the largest ship sunk by a U-boat.[2]

Fate[edit]

U-32 was sunk northwest of Ireland, in position 55°37′N 12°19′W / 55.617°N 12.317°W / 55.617; -12.317Coordinates: 55°37′N 12°19′W / 55.617°N 12.317°W / 55.617; -12.317, by depth charges from the British destroyers Harvester and Highlander on 30 October 1940. Nine of her crew members' lives were ended by the sinking, 33 survived and were taken prisoner, including Jenisch, who spent six and a half years in British captivity before returning to Germany in June 1947.[2][4]

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-32 took part in one wolfpack, namely.

  • Prien (12-17 June 1940)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[5]
18 September 1939 Kensington Court  United Kingdom 4,863 Sunk
28 September 1939 Jern  Norway 875 Sunk
5 October 1939 Marwarri  United Kingdom 8,063 Damaged (mine)
6 October 1939 Lochgoil  United Kingdom 9,462 Damaged (mine)
31 December 1939 Luna  Norway 959 Sunk
2 March 1940 Lagaholm  Sweden 2,818 Sunk
18 June 1940 Altair  Norway 1,522 Sunk
18 June 1940 Nuevo Ons  Spain 108 Sunk
18 June 1940 Sálvora  Spain 108 Sunk
19 June 1940 Labud  Yugoslavia 5,334 Sunk
22 June 1940 Eli Knudsen  Norway 9,026 Sunk
30 August 1940 Chelsea  United Kingdom 4,804 Sunk
30 August 1940 Mill Hill  United Kingdom 4,318 Sunk
30 August 1940 Norne  Norway 3,971 Sunk
1 September 1940 HMS Fiji  Royal Navy 8,000 Damaged
22 September 1940 Collegian  United Kingdom 7,886 Damaged
25 September 1940 Mabriton  United Kingdom 6,694 Sunk
26 September 1940 Corrientes  United Kingdom 6,863 Damaged
26 September 1940 Darcoila  United Kingdom 4,084 Sunk
26 September 1940 Tancred  Norway 6,094 Sunk
28 September 1940 Empire Ocelot  United Kingdom 5,759 Sunk
29 September 1940 Bassa  United Kingdom 5,267 Sunk
30 September 1940 Haulerwijk  Netherlands 3,278 Sunk
2 October 1940 Kayeson  United Kingdom 4,606 Sunk
28 October 1940 Empress of Britain  United Kingdom 42,348 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIA". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIA boat U-32". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-32". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  4. ^ Kemp 1997, p. 67.
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-32". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. pp. 29, 32. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 
  • Pickford, Nigel (1999). Lost Treasure Ships of the Twentieth Century. National Geographic Society. ISBN 0-7922-7472-5. 

External links[edit]