German submarine U-352
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||9 October 1939|
|Builder:||Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg|
|Laid down:||11 March 1940|
|Launched:||7 May 1941|
|Commissioned:||28 August 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk, 9 May 1942|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Part of:||3rd U-boat Flotilla
(28 August 1941–9 May 1942)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Hellmut Rathke
(28 August 1941–9 May 1942)
|Operations:||1st patrol: 15 January–26 February 1942
2nd patrol: 7 April–9 May 1942
German submarine U-352 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 11 March 1940 at the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft yard at Flensburg, launched on 7 May 1941, and commissioned on 28 August 1941 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hellmut Rathke. She was part of the 3rd U-boat Flotilla, and was ready for front-line service by 1 January 1942.
U-352 left Kiel on 15 January 1942, and arrived at Bergen in Norway on the 19th. She left the next day and patrolled south of Iceland without success before sailing to her new home port at Saint-Nazaire in France by 26 February.
U-352 left St. Nazaire on 7 April 1942 and sailed across the Atlantic to the coast of the north-eastern United States. There on 9 May 1942, she was sunk by depth charges from the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Icarus, south of Morehead City, North Carolina, in position Coordinates: . Fifteen of the crew were lost, but 33 survived and spent the remainder of the war as prisoners.
U-352 took part in one wolfpack, namely.
- Hecht (27 January - 4 February 1942)
U-352 lies in about 115 feet (35 m) of water, and sits at a 45-degree list to starboard. The wreck scatter is within a 100-m radius of location above on a sand bottom. This wreck has become an artificial reef that is heavily populated with Hemanthias vivanus. It is a popular scuba diving spot for advanced divers. A replica of the wreck is on display at the North Carolina Aquarium at Pine Knoll Shores.
Heinz Karl Richter, a Maschinengefreiter (equivalent of a Fireman 3rd Class) who survived the sinking, was found living in Canada and was interviewed for Discovery Channel's special coverage of U-352. He said that Captain Rathke was obsessed with receiving a Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal for sinking 100,000 tonnes-worth of enemy ships. Richter said that the captain's obsession eventually led to recklessness, ultimately resulting in the boat's sinking. Richter also said he was the last man out of the U-boat before it sank; those still on board were already dead, or perished in the boat as it sank.
According to documents from the Naval Department, the following are survivors of the sinking:
|Name||Rank||U.S. Navy equivalent|
|Bernard, Oskar||Leutnant zur See (Sonderführer)||Ensign|
|Kammerer, Ernst||Fähnrich zur See||Midshipman|
|Richter, Helmut H.||Bootsmaat||Coxswain|
|Kruger, Kurt||Funkmaat||Radioman 3 cl.|
|Sorg, Ludwig||Funkmaat||Radioman 3 cl.|
|Brand, August Michael||Maschinenmaat||Fireman 1 cl.|
|Reussel, Gerd||Maschinenmaat||Fireman 1 cl.|
|Schwarzenberger, Heinz||Maschinenmaat||Fireman 1 cl.|
|Thönnissen, Kurt H.||Maschinenmaat||Fireman 1 cl.|
|Wesche, Martin Wilhelm||Maschinenmaat||Fireman 1 cl.|
|Wessoly, Lothar||Maschinenmaat||Fireman 1 cl.|
|Rusch, Gerhard||Maschinenobergefreiter||Fireman 2 cl.|
|Stengel, Otto||Maschinenobergefreiter||Fireman 2 cl.|
|Minzker, Johann||Maschinengefreiter||Fireman 3 cl.|
|Richter, Heinz Karl||Maschinengefreiter||Fireman 3 cl.|
|Twirdy, Heinrich||Maschinengefreiter||Fireman 3 cl.|
|Heinze, Hans||Matrosengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Henschke, Otto||Matrosengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Hering, Gerhard||Matrosengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Herrschaft, Edgar||Matrosengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Kominek, Franz||Matrosengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Mattiz, Hans||Funkgefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Pickel, Erhard||Matrosengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Richter, Gerhard||Maschinengefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Thiele, Rudolf||Mechanikergefreiter||Seaman 2 cl.|
|Link, Wilhelm||Matrose||Apprentice Seaman|
|Staron, Edmund||Matrose||Apprentice Seaman|
- Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC U-boat U-352". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-352". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-352 from 20 Jan 1942 to 26 Feb 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-352 from 7 Apr 1942 to 9 May 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- Hoyt, JC (2009). "2008 Battle of the Atlantic Survey Methodology". In: Pollock NW, ed. Diving for Science 2009. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences 28th Symposium. Dauphin Island, AL: AAUS; 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- "U-boat Archive : FINAL REPORT OF INTERROGATION OF SURVIVORS FROM U-352 SUNK BY U.S.C.G. ICARUS ON MAY 9, 1942". uboatarchive.net. Retrieved 7 October 2007.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to U-352 (submarine, 1941).|
- U-352 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-352". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 352". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Warships of World War II German U-352
- History Channel TV Show about U-352
- U.S. Coast Guard History: U-352
- U.S. National Marine Sanctuaries exploration of U-352