German submarine U-355

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-355
Ordered: 26 October 1939
Builder: Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg
Yard number: 474
Laid down: 4 May 1940
Launched: 5 July 1941[1]
Commissioned: 29 October 1941[2]
Fate: Unknown
Status: Listed as missing, 4 April 1944
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(29 October 1941–30 June 1942)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1942–4 April 1944)
Commanders: KrvKpt. Günter La Baume
(29 October 1941–4 April 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 16 June–12 July 1942
2nd patrol: 25 July–24 August 1942
3rd patrol: 2 February–6 March 1943
4th patrol: 17 March–17 April 1943
5th patrol: 6 July–5 August 1943
6th patrol: 16 August–5 September 1943
7th patrol: 6–9 September 1943
8th patrol: 2–25 October 1943
9th patrol: 25 March–4 April 1944
Victories: one commercial ship sunk (5,082 GRT)

German submarine U-355 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down in May 1940 at the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft yard at Flensburg, launched in July 1941, and commissioned in October under the command of Kapitänleutnant Günter La Baume. After training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla, U-355 was transferred to the 11th U-boat Flotilla, based at Bergen in Norway, for front-line service from 1 July 1942.[3] The boat went missing on 1 April 1944 while on patrol, and was never heard from again.

Construction and Design[edit]

A cross-section of a Type VIIC submarine

U-355 was ordered by the Kriegsmarine on 26 October 1939. She was laid down about six months later at the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft yard at Flensburg, on 4 May 1940. Just over a year and a month later, U-355 was launched on 5 July 1941. She was formally commissioned later that year on 29 October 1941. U-355 carried 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four located in the bow, one in the stern) and had one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun with 220 rounds. She could also carry 14 G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines and had a crew of 44-52 men.[3]

Service history[edit]

Patrols[edit]

U-355 sailed from Kiel on 1 June 1942, arriving at Skjomenfjord, near Narvik, six days later.[4] She sailed on her first combat patrol ten days later, on 16 June, and headed out into the Barents Sea.[5]

There, on 7 July 1942, she sank the 5,082 ton British merchant ship SS Hartlebury, dispersed from Convoy PQ 17, en route to Arkhangelsk, carrying six vehicles, 36 tanks, seven aircraft and 2,409 tons of military stores. The ship, hit by three torpedoes, sank within 10 minutes around 17 miles west of Novaya Zemlya. Of the crew, 29 men, seven gunners, and two naval signalmen were killed. The master and 12 men landed at Pomorski Bay, Novaya Zemlya. Another seven survivors took shelter on the American merchant ship SS Winston-Salem, (also of PQ 17), which had run aground and been abandoned on North Gusini Shoal, Novaya Zemlya, and were later rescued by a Soviet survey ship.[6] The U-boat returned to Narvik on 12 July after 27 days at sea.[4]

This was U-355's only success despite sailing on another eight patrols operating against the Arctic convoys between July 1942 and April 1944, totaling 187 days at sea.[4]

Fate[edit]

On 1 April 1944, during her ninth patrol, U-355 reported from approximate position 73°03′N 13°10′E / 73.050°N 13.167°E / 73.050; 13.167Coordinates: 73°03′N 13°10′E / 73.050°N 13.167°E / 73.050; 13.167 while in pursuit of Convoy JW 58. She was never heard from again, and was listed as missing, together with 52 hands on board, on 4 April 1944.[3] Post-war analysis led the Admiralty to credit her destruction to HMS Beagle and aircraft from HMS Tracker.[7] Other sources dispute this, claiming U-355 was lost due to an unknown cause.[8]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Tons Nationality Fate[9]
7 July 1942 Hartlebury 5,082  United Kingdom Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997. Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 180.
  2. ^ Kemp, p. 180.
  3. ^ a b c d "U-355". Uboat.net. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Patrols byU-355". Uboat.net. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "Patrol info for U-355 (First patrol)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Hartlebury". Uboat.net. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  7. ^ Kemp p 180
  8. ^ Neistle p57, 226
  9. ^ "Ships hit by U-355". uboat.net. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Paul Kemp : U-Boats Destroyed (1997). ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  • Axel Neistle : German U-Boat Losses during World War II (1998). ISBN 1-85367-352-8

External links[edit]

See also[edit]