German submarine U-356

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-356
Ordered: 26 October 1939
Builder: Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg
Yard number: 475[1]
Laid down: 4 May 1940
Launched: 16 September 1941
Commissioned: 20 December 1941
Fate: Sunk by Canadian warships on 27 December 1942
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F 46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490 surfaced
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 6th U-boat Flotilla, (Training)
(20 December 1941 - 1 September 1942)
6th U-boat Flotilla, (Operational) Boat
(1 September 1942 - 27 December 1942)
Commanders:

Kapitänleutnant Georg Wallas
(20 December 1941 - 2 December 1942)

Oberleutnant zur See Günther Ruppelt
(3 December 1942 - 27 December 1942)
Operations: Two patrols
1st patrol:
2 September 1942 - 4 November 1942
(63 days)

2nd patrol:
5 December 1942 - 27 December 1942
(23 days)
Victories: Three commercial ships sunk and one damaged - 20,700 GRT

German submarine U-356 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down in May 1940 at the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft yard at Flensburg, launched on 16 September 1941, and commissioned on 20 December 1941.[5]

Loss[edit]

U-356 was attacked by HMS Cygnet, HMCS Chilliwack, HMCS Battleford and HMCS Napanee north of the Azores at 45°30′N 25°40′W / 45.500°N 25.667°W / 45.500; -25.667Coordinates: 45°30′N 25°40′W / 45.500°N 25.667°W / 45.500; -25.667 on 27 December 1942 and sunk by depth charges. All 46 crew members died in the event.[5]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-356 took part in six wolfpacks, namely.

  • Pfeil (12–22 September 1942)
  • Blitz (22–26 September 1942)
  • Tiger (26–30 September 1942)
  • Wotan (5–19 October 1942)
  • Raufbold (11–22 December 1942)
  • Spitz (22–27 December 1942)

Construction and Design[edit]

A cross-section of a Type VIIC submarine

U-356 was ordered by the Kriegsmarine on 26 October 1939. She was laid down about six months later at the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft yard at Flensburg, on 4 May 1940. The next year, U-356 was launched on 16 September 1941.[5] She was formally commissioned on 20 December 1941. U-356 carried 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four located in the bow, one in the stern) and had one 8.8 cm (3.5 in) L45 deck gun with 220 rounds. She could also carry 14 G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines and had a crew of 44-52 men.

Summary of Raiding History[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Convoy Fate
27 December 1942 Empire Union  United Kingdom 5,952 ONS 154 Sunk
27 December 1942 Melrose Abbey  United Kingdom 2,473 ONS 154 Sunk
27 December 1942 Soekaboemi  Netherlands 7,051 ONS 154 Damaged
27 December 1942 King Edward  United Kingdom 5,224 ONS 154 Sunk
Total: 20,700

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner, p. 72.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-356". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-356". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Gröner, p. 87.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe, 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3763748024. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 356". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-356". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.