German submarine U-357

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-357
Ordered: 26 October 1940
Builder: Flensburger Schiffsbau-Ges, Flensburg
Yard number: 476
Laid down: 19 May 1940
Launched: 31 March 1942
Commissioned: 18 June 1941
Fate: Sunk by British warships, December 1942, northwest of Ireland[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(18 June–30 November 1942)
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1–26 December 1942)
Commanders: Kptllt. Adolf Kellner
(18 June–26 December 1942)
Operations: One:
15–26 December 1942
Victories: None

German submarine U-357 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out no patrols. She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was sunk by British warships northwest of Ireland in December 1942.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 19 May 1940 at the Flensburger Schiffsbau-Ges yard at Flensburg as yard number 476, launched on 31 March 1942 and commissioned on 18 June under the command of Kapitänleutnant Adolf Kellner.

She served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 18 June 1942 and the 6th flotilla from 1 December.

Fate[edit]

U-357 was sunk by depth charges dropped from the British destroyers HMS Hesperus and Vanessa on 26 December 1942 northwest of Ireland.[3][4]

36 men died; six survived.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 98
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-357 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.u-boot-archiv.de/dieboote/u0357.html
  4. ^ Kemp, p. 98
  5. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/u357/htm
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 57°10′N 15°40′W / 57.167°N 15.667°W / 57.167; -15.667