German submarine U-360

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-360
Ordered: 6 August 1940
Builder: Flensburger Schiffsbau, Flensburg
Yard number: 479
Laid down: 9 August 1941
Launched: 28 July 1942
Commissioned: 12 November 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British warship in Norwegian Sea, in April 1944[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(12 November 1942–30 June 1943)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1943–2 April 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Hans- Jürgen Bühring
(12 November 1942–30 June 1943)
Kptlt. Klaus-Helmuth Becker
May 1943–2 April 1944
Operations: 1st patrol:
16 August–24 September 1943
2nd patrol:
6 October–19 November 1943
3rd patrol:
23–30 November 1943
4th patrol:
27 December–28 January 1944
5th patrol:
29 March–2 April 1944
Victories: One ship damaged, 7,153 GRT
one warship damaged, of 1,540 tons

German submarine U-360 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out five patrols before being sunk in the Norwegian Sea by a British warship in April 1944.

She was a member of five wolfpacks.

She damaged one ship and one warship.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 9 August 1941 at the Flensburger Schiffsbau yard at Flensburg as yard number 479, launched on 28 July 1942 and commissioned on 12 November under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Jügen Bühring.

She served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 12 November 1942 and the 13th flotilla from 1 July 1943.

1st patrol[edit]

The boat's first patrol was preceded by trips from Kiel in Germany to Bergen and then Narvik in Norway, from where she departed on 16 August 1943. She sailed southwest of Svalbard and west of Bear Island. She docked in Hammerfest on 24 September.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

Her second foray was a repeat of her first - finishing in Narvik on 19 November 1943.

The submarine's third patrol took her around Bear Island.

4th patrol[edit]

Sortie number four saw the boat damaging HMS Obdurate southeast of Bear Island on 25 January 1944. She also damaged the Fort Bellingham the next day. This ship was subsequently sunk by U-957.

5th patrol and loss[edit]

Having moved from Hammerfest to Trondheim, U-360 started her fifth patrol on 29 March 1944. On 2 April, she was sunk southwest of Bear Island by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Keppel.

51 men died in the U-boat; there were no survivors.[5]

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-360 took part in 5 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Monsun (8 - 21 October 1943)
  • Eisenbart (22 October - 17 November 1943)
  • Eisenbart (25 - 28 November 1943)
  • Isegrim (1 - 27 January 1944)
  • Blitz (30 March - 2 April 1944)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[6]
25 January 1944 HMS Obdurate  Royal Navy 1,540 Damaged
26 January 1944 Fort Bellingham  United Kingdom 7,153 Damaged

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 180
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-360". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-360". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Hofmann, Markus. "U-360". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Successes of U-360". Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 72°28′N 13°04′E / 72.467°N 13.067°E / 72.467; 13.067