German submarine U-361

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-361
Ordered: 7 December 1940
Builder: Flensburger Schiffsbau-Ges, Flensburg
Yard number: 480
Laid down: 12 September 1941
Launched: 9 September 1942
Commissioned: 18 December 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft, July 1944, west of Narvik
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(18 December 1943–29 February 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 March–17 July 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hans Seidel
(18 December–17 July 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol:
28 February–27 March 1944
2nd patrol:
31 March–24 April 1944
3rd patrol:
27 June–17 July 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-361 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out three patrols. She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was a member of six wolfpacks.

She was sunk by a British aircraft west of Narvik in July 1944.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 12 September 1941 at the Flensburger Schiffsbau-Ges yard at Flensburg as yard number 480, launched on 9 September 1942 and commissioned on 18 December under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans Seidel.

She served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 18 December 1943 and the 11th flotilla from 1 March 1944.

1st patrol[edit]

U-359 '​s first patrol took her from Kiel in Germany to Narvik in Norway.

2nd patrol[edit]

Her second foray was toward Bear Island in the Barents Sea, then into the Norwegian Sea.

3rd patrol and loss[edit]

U-361 left Narvik for the last time on 27 June 1944. On 17 July, she was sunk by depth charges dropped by a British Catalina flying boat of No. 210 Squadron RAF. The pilot, Flying Officer John Cruickshank was awarded the Victoria Cross.

52 men died in the U-boat; there were no survivors.[3]

Previously recorded fate[edit]

U-361 was originally noted as sunk on 17 July 1944 by a British B-24 Liberator of 86 Squadron. This attack sank U-347.[4]

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-361 took part in 6 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Boreas (29 Feb 1944 - 10 Mar 1944)
  • Thor (10 Mar 1944 - 26 Mar 1944)
  • Blitz (2 Apr 1944 - 5 Apr 1944)
  • Keil (5 Apr 1944 - 20 Apr 1944)
  • Donner & Keil (20 Apr 1944 - 23 Apr 1944)
  • Trutz (28 Jun 1944 - 10 Jul 1944)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-361". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Hofmann, Markus. "U-361". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-361 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]