German submarine U-370

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-370
Ordered: 20 August 1941
Builder: Flensburger Schiffsbau, Flensburg
Yard number: 493
Laid down: 21 November 1942
Launched: 24 September 1943
Commissioned: 19 November 1943
Fate: Scuttled in northern Germany, May 1945
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1][2]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(19 November 1943–31 July 1944)
8th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August 1944–15 February 1945)
4th U-boat Flotilla
(16 February–5 May 1945)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Karl Nielsen
(19 November 1943–5 May 1945)
Operations: 9–12 July 1944
13–14 July 1944
17–24 July 1944
26–27 July 1944
28 July–3 August 1944
9–12 August 1944
20–30 August 1944
3–6 September 1944
13–28 September 1944
2–25 October 1944
5 January–5 March 1945
7–10 March 1945
Victories: Two warships sunk, totalling 832 tons

German submarine U-370 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out twelve patrols before being scuttled in northern Germany in May 1945.

She sank two warships.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 25 August 1942 at the Flensburger Schiffsbau yard at Flensburg as yard number 493, launched on 28 July 1942 and commissioned on 12 November under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Karl Nielsen.

She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 19 November 1943, the 8th flotilla from 1 August 1944 and was back with the 4th flotilla on 16 February 1945.

U-370 spent her entire career in the relatively confined waters of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland.

1st-5th patrols[edit]

The boat's first patrol was preceded by trips from Kiel to Marviken and then back to Kiel, from where she departed on 9 July 1944. She sailed through the Baltic and into the Gulf of Finland, arriving at Reval, (now Tallinn in Estonia),[3] on 12 July.

She spent the rest of her career in the Ostsee, sinking the Soviet Patrol boat MO-101 in Björkö Sound on 31 July 1944 during her fifth patrol.

6th-12th patrols[edit]

During her ninth sortie Matrosengefreiter Erwin Stiegeler was swept overboard in the Baltic on 23 September 1944.

It was while on her eleventh foray that she sank the Finnish minelayer Louhi (12 January 1945).

Fate[edit]

U-370 was scuttled in Gelting Bay (east of Flensburg) on 5 May 1945. The wreck was broken up in 1948.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[4]
31 July 1944 Mo-101  Soviet Navy 56 Sunk
12 January 1945 Louhi  Finnish Navy 776 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-370 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-370 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  3. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 13.
  4. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u370/html
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]