German submarine U-414

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-414
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Danziger Werft AG, Danzig
Yard number: 115
Laid down: 14 June 1941
Launched: 25 March 1942
Commissioned: 1 July 1942
Fate: Sunk 25 May 1943 in the Mediterranean in position 36°31′N 00°40′E / 36.517°N 0.667°E / 36.517; 0.667, by depth charges from HMS Vetch.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1942 - 31 December 1942) - Training
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1 January 1943 - 30 April 1943)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 May 1943 - 25 May 1943)
Commanders: [[Oberleutnant zur See|Oblt.z.S.]] Walther Huth
(1 July 1942 - 25 May 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
7 January 1943 - 19 February 1943
2nd patrol:
1 April 1943 - 14 April 1943
3rd patrol:
13 May 1943 - 25 May 1943
Victories: 1 merchant ship sunk (5,979 GRT)
1 merchant ship damaged (7,134 GRT)

German submarine U-414 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 14 June 1941 by Danziger Werft AG, Danzig as yard number 115, launched on 25 March 1942 and commissioned on 1 July 1942 under Oberleutnant zur See Walther Huth.

Service History[edit]

The boat's career began with training at 8th U-boat Flotilla on 1 July 1942, followed by active service on 1 January 1943 as part of the 6th Flotilla. Four months later, on 1 May 1943, she transferred to 29th Flotilla for operations in the Mediterranean for the short remainder of her service.

In 3 patrols she sank 1 merchant ship, for a total of 5,979 gross register tons (GRT), and damaged one other.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-414 took part in two wolfpacks, namely

  • Falke (15 – 19 January 1943)
  • Haudegen (19 January – 2 February 1943)

Fate[edit]

U-414 was sunk on 25 May 1943 in the Mediterranean in position 36°31′N 00°40′E / 36.517°N 0.667°E / 36.517; 0.667, by depth charges from HMS Vetch. All hands were lost.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
18 May 1943 Fort Anne  United Kingdom 7,134 Damaged
18 May 1943 Empire Eve  United Kingdom 5,979 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-414". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-414". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]