German submarine U-426

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-426
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Danziger Werft, Danzig
Yard number: 127
Laid down: 20 June 1942
Launched: 6 February 1943
Commissioned: 12 May 1943
Fate: Sunk by an Australian aircraft, January 1944[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(12 May–30 September 1943)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1–31 October 1943)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1943–8 January 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Christian Reich
(12 May 1943–8 January 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol:
5 October–29 November 1943
2nd patrol:
3–8 January 1944
Victories: One ship sunk; 6,625 GRT

German submarine U-426 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out two patrols. She was a member of seven wolfpacks. She sank one ship.

She was sunk by an Australian aircraft in January 1944[1][3]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 20 June 1942 at the Danziger Werft (yard) at Danzig (now Gdansk), as yard number 127, launched on 6 February 1943 and commissioned on 12 May under the command of Kapitänleutnant Christian Reich.

She served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 12 May 1943 and the 11th flotilla from 1 October of that year.

Patrols and loss[edit]

U-426 a Type VIIC submarine, down by the stern and sinking, after attacks by a Short Sunderland flying boat.

The boat's first patrol was preceded by a trip from Kiel in Germany to Bergen in Norway. U-426 then left Bergen on 5 October 1943 and headed for the Atlantic Ocean via the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. She sank the British ship Essex Lance on 15 October 408 nautical miles (756 km; 470 mi) east of Cape Farewell (Greenland). The submarine arrived in Brest in occupied France on 29 November.

Her second sortie began on 3 January 1944. On the 8th, she was attacked and sunk by depth charges dropped by an Australian Sunderland flying boat of No. 10 Squadron RAAF.

Fifty-one men went down with the U-boat; there were no survivors.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-426 took part in seven wolfpacks, namely.

  • Schlieffen (16–22 October 1943)
  • Siegfried (22–27 October 1943)
  • Siegfried 2 (27–30 October 1943)
  • Jahn (30 October - 2 November 1943)
  • Tirpitz 4 (2–8 November 1943)
  • Eisenhart 9 (9–10 November 1943)
  • Schill 1 (16–21 November 1943)

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[4]
15 October 1943 Essex Lance  United Kingdom 6,625 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kemp 1999, p. 163.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-426". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-426". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]