German submarine U-435

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-435
Ordered: 16 October 1939
Builder: F Schichau GmbH, Danzig
Yard number: 1477
Laid down: 11 April 1940
Launched: 31 May 1941
Commissioned: 30 August 1941
Fate: Sunk by depth charges on 9 July 1943 west of Figueira, Portugal at position 39°48′N 14°22′W / 39.800°N 14.367°W / 39.800; -14.367 by a RAF Wellington bomber of 179 Squadron operating out of Gibraltar.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(30 August 1941 - 31 December 1941)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 January 1942 - 30 June 1942)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1942 - 31 January 1943)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 February 1943 - 9 July 1943)
Commanders: KrvKpt. Siegfried Strelow
(30 August 1941 - 9 July 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
20 January 1942 - 16 February 1942
2nd patrol:
16 March 1942 - 5 April 1942
3rd patrol:
7 April 1942 - 26 April 1942
4th patrol:
25 July 1942 - 31 August 1942
5th patrol:
16 September 1942 - 28 September 1942
6th patrol:
30 November 1942 - 10 January 1943
7th patrol:
18 February 1943 - 25 March 1943
8th patrol:
20 May 1943 - 9 July 1943
Victories: 9 merchant ships sunk (53,712 GRT)
4 warships sunk (3,311 tons)

German submarine U-435 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 11 April 1940 by F Schichau GmbH in Danzig as 'werk' 1477, launched on 31 May 1941 and commissioned on 30 August 1941 under Korvettenkapitän Siegfried Strelow (Knight’s Cross).

The boat's service began on 30 August 1941 with training as part of the 5th U-boat Flotilla. She was transferred to the 1st flotilla on 1 January 1942 for active service and then to the 11th flotilla on 1 July 1942. She returned to the 1st flotilla on 1 February 1943.

Service History[edit]

In 8 patrols she sank 13 ships for a total of 53,712 GRT, plus 3 warships and 1 auxiliary warship.

Convoy PQ 13

U-456 attacked and damaged the American freighter Effingham straggling the convoy. U-435 then finished off the abandoned vessel.

Convoy QP 10

U-435 was more successful in April sinking both the Panamanian freighter El Occidente and British steamer Harpalion. The straggler Harpalion was finished off after being abandoned having been previously heavily damaged by Luftwaffe Ju 88 dive bombers.

Convoy QP 14

U-435 had even more success when she was part of a combined attack on Arctic Convoy QP 14. She sank 4 vessels, comprising the minesweeper HMS Leda, RFA fleet oiler Grey Ranger, British Liberty ship Ocean Voice and American freighter Bellingham.

Convoy ONS 154

U-435 continued her earlier successes sinking 5 vessels in total namely the CAM ship Empire Shackleton, Norse King, the special service vessel and former freighter HMS Fidelity, HMS LCV-752 and HMS LCV-754; although the two landing craft were being carried as deck cargo when HMS Fidelity was sunk.

Wolf Packs[edit]

She took part in 11 wolfpacks, namely,

  • Hecht (27 Jan 1942 – 4 Feb 1942)
  • Umbau (4 Feb 1942 – 16 Feb 1942)
  • Eiswolf (28 Mar 1942 – 31 Mar 1942)
  • Robbenschlag (7 Apr 1942 – 13 Apr 1942)
  • Nebelkönig (27 Jul 1942 – 14 Aug 1942)
  • Ungestüm (11 Dec 1942 – 30 Dec 1942)
  • Burggraf (24 Feb 1943 – 5 Mar 1943)
  • Raubgraf (7 Mar 1943 – 19 Mar 1943)
  • Trutz (1 Jun 1943 – 16 Jun 1943)
  • Trutz 3 (16 Jun 1943 – 29 Jun 1942)
  • Geler 2 (30 Jun 1943 – 9 Jul 1943)

Fate[edit]

She was depth charged and sunk by on 9 July 1943 at position 39°48′N 14°22′W / 39.800°N 14.367°W / 39.800; -14.367 west of Figueira, Portugal by a RAF Wellington bomber from 179 Squadron.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
30 March 1942 Effingham  United States 6,421 Sunk
13 April 1942 El Occidente  Panama 6,008 Sunk
13 April 1942 Harpalion  United Kingdom 5,486 Sunk
20 September 1942 HMS Leda  Royal Navy 835 Sunk
22 September 1942 Bellingham  United Kingdom 5,345 Sunk
22 September 1942 RFA Grey Ranger  Royal Fleet Auxiliary 3,313 Sunk
22 September 1942 Ocean Voice  United Kingdom 7,174 Sunk
29 December 1942 Empire Shackleton  United Kingdom 7,068 Sunk
29 December 1942 Norse King  Norway 5,701 Sunk
30 December 1942 HMS Fidelity  Royal Navy 2,456 Sunk
30 December 1942 HMS LCV-752  Royal Navy 10 Sunk
30 December 1942 HMS LCV-754  Royal Navy 10 Sunk
17 March 1943 William Eustis  United States 7,196 Sunk

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-435 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "U-435 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]