German submarine U-437
|Ordered:||16 October 1939|
|Builder:||F. Schicau GmbH, Danzig|
|Laid down:||16 April 1940|
|Launched:||26 July 1941|
|Commissioned:||25 October 1941|
|Fate:||Damaged by British bombs in Norway, October 1944. Stricken, broken up, 1946|
|Type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Armament:||5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
|Part of:||6th U-boat Flotilla
(25 October 1941–10 April 1942)
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1 April 1942–5 October 1944)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Werner-Karl Schultz
(25 October 1941–20 December 1942)
Kptlt. Hermann Lanby
(21 December 1942–5 October 1944)
4–16 April 1942
29 April–18 May 1942
6 June–12 August 1942
17 September–15 November 1942
4 February–30 April 1943
26–30 April 1943
a. 24–25 July 1943
b. 1–3 August1943
c.18–19 September 1943
d. 23–25 September 1943
e. 26 September–19 November 1943
a. 20–22 January 1943
b. 29–31 January 1944
c. 2 February–3 April 1944
6–15 June 1944
9–13 August 1944
23 August–21 September 1944
She carried out eleven patrols, but sank no ships.
She was a member of sixteen wolfpacks.
She was damaged by British bombs in Norway in October 1944 and stricken; she was broken up in 1946.
The submarine was laid down on 16 April 1940 at F. Schicau GmbH in Danzig (now Gdansk) as 'werk' 1479, launched on 26 July 1941 and commissioned on 25 October under the command of Kapitänleutnant Werner-Karl Schultze.
She served with the 6th U-boat Flotilla from 25 October 1941 for training and stayed with that organization from 1 April 1942 until 5 October 1944.
U-436's first patrol was from Kiel in Germany and took in the Atlantic Ocean, which she reached via the gap separating the Faroe and Shetland Islands. She arrived at St. Nazaire in occupied France on 16 April 1942. (She would continue to use this port for almost the rest of her career).
2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th patrols
The boat's second sortie was as far as northwest of the Azores, but produced no results.
Her third foray took her to the Caribbean Sea and at 68 days, was her longest.
Patrol number four was relatively uneventful. It terminated at St. Nazaire on 15 November 1942.
U-436's fifth patrol was north of the Azores.
Her sixth effort was marked by an attack by a Leigh Light equipped Vickers Wellington of No. 172 Squadron RAF in the Bay of Biscay on 23 April 1943. Damage was extensive enough that U-437 was assisted back to base by U-455.
U-437's seventh patrol was divided into a series of short voyages, with the exception of the last part; but success continued to elude her.
It was a similar story for her eighth outing.
9th and 10th patrols
For the boat's ninth patrol, she did not leave the Bay of Biscay.
Reversing the course of her first patrol, including the Iceland/Faroes 'gap', the submarine arrived at Bergen in Norway on 21 September 1944.
U-437 was damaged by British bombs in Bergen on 4 October 1944; she was stricken a day later. She was broken up in 1946.
- "The Type VIIC boat U-437 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 20 September 2012.