German submarine U-453

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-453
Ordered: 30 October 1939
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Yard number: 284
Laid down: 4 July 1940
Launched: 30 April 1941
Commissioned: 26 June 1941
Fate: Sunk by depth charges on 21 May 1944 off the south coast of Italy at position 38°13′N 16°30′E / 38.217°N 16.500°E / 38.217; 16.500 by Royal Navy surface warships.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1]
Part of: 7th U-boat Flotilla
(26 June 1941 - 1 November 1941) - Training
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1941 - 31 December 1941)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 January 1942 - 21 May 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Gert Hetschko
(26 June 1941 - 8 July 1941)
Kptlt. Egon-Reiner von Schlippenbach
(9 July 1941 - 6 December 1943)
Oblt. Dierk Lührs
(7 December 1943 – 21 May 1944)
Operations:

1st patrol:
12 November 1941 - 17 December 1941
2nd patrol:
17 January 1942 - 1 February 1942
3rd patrol:
22 March 1942 - 21 April 1942
4th patrol:
25 May 1942 - 14 June 1942
5th patrol:
18 June 1942 - 21 July 1942
6th patrol:
17 September 1942 - 15 October 1942
7th patrol:
29 November 1942 - 17 December 1942
8th patrol:
11 January 1943 - 16 February 1943
9th patrol:
1 April 1943 - 5 May 1943
10th patrol:
23 June 1943 - 24 July 1943
11th patrol:
31 July 1943 - 14 August 1943
12th patrol:
21 October 1943 - 27 October 1943
13th patrol:
2 November 1943 - 13 November 1943
14th patrol:
24 November 1943 - 1 December 1943
15th patrol:
12 January 1944 - 9 February 1944
16th patrol:
8 March 1944 - 25 March 1944

17th patrol:
30 April 1944 - 21 May 1944
Victories: 9 merchant ships sunk (23,289 GRT)
2 merchant ships damaged (16,610 GRT)
2 warships sunk (2,540 tons)

German submarine U-453 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 4 July 1940 by Deutsche Werke AG in Kiel as 'werk' 284, launched on 30 April 1941 and commissioned on 26 June 1941 under Kapitänleutnant Egon-Reiner von Schlippenbach (Knight’s Cross).

The boat's service began on 26 June 1941 with training as part of the 7th U-boat Flotilla, followed by active service until being transferred to the 29th flotilla on 1 January 1942, based in La Spezia in Italy.

Service History[edit]

In 17 patrols she sank 9 merchant ships for a total of 23,289 GRT, plus 2 warships and damaged 2 merchant ships.

Fate[edit]

She was depth charged and sunk by on 21 May 1944 off the south coast of Italy at position 38°13′N 16°30′E / 38.217°N 16.500°E / 38.217; 16.500 by Royal Navy destroyers HMS Termagant, HMS Tenacious and the escort destroyer HMS Liddesdale.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
13 December 1941 Badalona  Spain 4,202 Sunk
7 April 1942 HMHS Somersetshire  Royal Navy 9,716 Damaged
20 January 1943 Jean Jadot  Belgium 5,859 Sunk
30 June 1943 Oligarch  United Kingdom 6,894 Damaged
6 July 1943 Shahjehan  United Kingdom 5,454 Sunk
15 November 1943 HMS Quail  Royal Navy 1,705 Total loss - mined
20 November 1943 Jela  Yugoslavia 335 Sunk - mined
22 November 1943 HMS Hebe  Royal Navy 835 Sunk - mined
1 February 1944 Agia Paraskevi  Greece 80 Sunk
1 February 1944 Salem  Lebanon 81 Sunk
1 February 1944 Himli  Lebanon 67 Sunk
1 February 1944 Yahiya  Syria 64 Sunk
19 May 1944 Fort Missanabie  United Kingdom 7,147 Sunk

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-453 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "U-453 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 27 April 2014.