German submarine U-455

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Bundesarchiv Bild 101II-MW-6435-32A, St. Nazaire, U-455 einlaufend, Begrüßung.jpg
U-455 arriving in St. Nazaire after her third patrol on 16 June 1942
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-455
Ordered: 16 January 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Laid down: 3 September 1940
Launched: 21 June 1941
Commissioned: 21 August 1941
Fate: Listed as missing in the Mediterranean after 6 April 1944, probably in or around the Ligurian Sea (in front of Gêne)
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:

German submarine U-455 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 3 September 1940, launched on 21 June 1941 and commissioned on 21 August 1941 with Kapitänleutnant Hans-Henrich Giessler in command of a crew of 51.

Her service began with the 5th U-boat Flotilla, a training outfit. She was transferred to the 7th flotilla for operations at the beginning of 1942 and again to the 29th flotilla in March 1944.

She carried out ten patrols and was a member of six wolfpacks; she sank three ships for a total of 17,685 GRT.

She was lost, probably in the Ligurian Sea (north of Corsica), on 6 April 1944. Her wreck was discovered in 2005, off Genoa. She had previously been thought to be near La Spezia.

Operational career[edit]

1st, 2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

U-455 '​s operational career began when she left Kiel on 15 January 1942. Her first patrol took her to Iceland via Stavanger and Bergen in Norway. She returned to Bergen, empty-handed, on 28 February 1942.

The boat's second patrol was similarly unproductive, leaving Bergen on 21 March 1942 and arriving in St. Nazaire in occupied France on the 30th. She would continue to use this port for most of the rest of her career.

Her third foray was better; on 3 May 1942, she sank the British Workman off Cape Race, Newfoundland, followed by the Geo H. Jones on 11 June northeast of the Azores. Having departed St. Nazaire on 16 April 1942, she returned on 16 June, having spent 62 days at sea.

4th and 5th patrols[edit]

Her 4th patrol was even longer, it took her as far as the US Georgia coast, southeast of Savannah. She returned to St. Nazaire on 28 October 1942, having commenced the voyage on 22 August, a total of 68 days.

Her fifth patrol started on 24 November 1942; she scoured large swathes of the Atlantic, all to no avail.

6th, 7th, 8th and 9th patrols[edit]

Success continued to elude her; the only excitement on her sixth patrol was when a crewman was injured by one of the boat's own AA guns.

Things became even more serious on her eighth patrol. With a new captain, Kplt. Hans-Martin Scheibe, who had assumed command on 22 November 1942, U-455, along with U-264 and U-422, were caught on the surface on 4 October 1943 while re-fuelling from U-460 by TBF Avengers from USS  Card. The smaller boats escaped, but U-460 was sunk.

Her ninth foray saw the U-boat transit the heavily defended Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea, leaving St. Nazaire on 6 January 1944 and arriving in Toulon on 3 February.

10th patrol and loss[edit]

On 6 April 1944, U-455 was lost with all hands. No explanation exists for her loss, but it is believed that she possibly struck a German mine. However, there is no confirmation. Her last transmission was on 2 April 1944, four days prior to her disappearance, when she radioed-in while on patrol off the coast of Algiers.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate
3 May 1942 British Workman  United Kingdom 6,994 Sunk
11 June 1942 Geo H. Jones  United Kingdom 6,914 Sunk
25 July 1943 Rouenais  Free France 3,977 Sunk (mine)

References[edit]

Notes
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°4′N 9°51′E / 44.067°N 9.850°E / 44.067; 9.850