German submarine U-460

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-460
Ordered: 14 May 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Yard number: 291
Laid down: 30 November 1940
Launched: 13 September 1941
Commissioned: 24 December 1941
Fate: Sunk by depth charges, 4 October 1943[1]
General characteristics
Class & type: German Type XIV submarine
Displacement: 1,668 long tons (1,695 t) surfaced
1,932 long tons (1,963 t) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) overall
47.5 m (155 ft 10 in) pressure hull
Beam: 9.35 m (30 ft 8 in) overall
4.9 m (16 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Height: 11.7 m (38 ft 5 in)
Draft: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Germaniawerft F46 supercharged 6-cylinder diesel engines, 3,200 hp (2,400 kW)
2 × SSW Gu343/388-8 double-acting electric motors 750 hp (560 kW)
Speed: 14.9 knots (27.6 km/h) surfaced
6.2 knots (11.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 12,350 nmi (22,870 km; 14,210 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 240 m (790 ft)
Complement: 53–60 men
Armament: 2 × 37 mm AA guns
2 × 20 mm AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(24 December 1941–30 June 1942)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1942–31 October 1942)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1942–4 October 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Friedrich Schäfer
(24 December 1941–1 August 1942)
Kptlt. Ebe Schnoor
(1 August 1942–4 October 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol: 7 June–31 July 1942
2nd patrol: 27 August–12 October 1942
3rd patrol: 11 November–19 December 1942
4th patrol: 27 January–5 March 1943
5th patrol: 24 April–25 June 1943
6th patrol: 30 August–4 October 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-460 was a Type XIV supply and replenishment U-boat ("Milchkuh") of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Her keel was laid down on 30 November 1940 by Deutsche Werke in Kiel as 'werk' 291. She was launched on 13 September 1941 and commissioned on 24 December that same year, with Kapitänleutnant Friedrich Schäfer in command. Schäfer was relieved by Kptlt Ebe Schnoor on 1 August 1942.[2] She carried out training with the 4th U-boat Flotilla before moving on to the 10th and 12th flotillas for operations.

Operational career[edit]

U-460 conducted six patrols. As a supply boat, she avoided combat.

1st and 2nd patrols[edit]

U-460's first patrol started with her departure from Kiel on 7 June 1942, taking her out to mid-Atlantic through the gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. She arrived in St. Nazaire in occupied France on 31 July.

Her second foray, which began on 27 August 1942, saw her steam west out of the Bay of Biscay, south, then south southeast toward the Cape Verde Islands in the South Atlantic.

3rd, 4th and 5th patrols[edit]

U-46's third patrol was due west from St. Nazaire and lasted 39 days, a typical length.

Her fourth sortie was almost a repeat of her third, except it terminated in Bordeaux.

The U-boat's fifth patrol commenced on 24 April 1943 and lasted 63 days, her longest. It took her to a point almost equidistant with the South American and African coasts. She returned to Bordeaux on 25 June.

6th patrol and loss[edit]

She left Bordeaux for the last time on 30 August 1943. On 4 October, U-460 was resupplying the submarines U-264, U-422, and U-455[4] in the North Atlantic north of the Azores, when they were attacked by American Avenger and Wildcat aircraft of US Navy squadron VC-9 flying from the escort carrier Card (CVE-11). While the other U-boats submerged and escaped, U-460 was sunk by depth charges in position 43°18′N 28°58′W / 43.300°N 28.967°W / 43.300; -28.967Coordinates: 43°18′N 28°58′W / 43.300°N 28.967°W / 43.300; -28.967. 62 were killed; two crewmen survived.[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 148.
  2. ^ a b c "The Type XIV boat U-460 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-460 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  4. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-455 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
Bibliography

See also[edit]