German submarine U-479

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-479
Ordered: 10 April 1941
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Laid down: 19 November 1942
Launched: 14 August 1943
Commissioned: 27 October 1943
Fate: Sunk by mine in the Gulf of Finland on 27 November 1944.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:

German submarine U-479 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down at the Deutsche Werke in Kiel on 19 November 1942 as yard number 310, launched on 14 August 1941 and was commissioned on 27 October 1943 with Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Förster, a Knights Cross winner, in command. He was replaced shortly afterwards by Oberleutnant Friedrich-Wilhelm Sons.

Operational service[edit]

The boat began her service career as part of the 5th U-boat Flotilla for training, before moving to the 8th flotilla for operations. She sank no ships during her career, but damaged one.

The U-boat's first patrol was preceded by short voyages from Kiel to Arendal (on the southern Norwegian coast near Kristiansand), back to Kiel and then on to Helsinki in Finland.

1st patrol[edit]

Her first foray proper saw her depart Helsinki on 13 July 1944, arrive at Esplanade (on the southern Finnish coast) on 25 July and move back to Helsinki on 1 August.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

Her second and third sorties were both launched from Helsinki in August and were uneventful.

4th patrol[edit]

The submarine's fourth patrol was only different from her second and third efforts in that it terminated at Danzig, (now Gdansk).

Loss[edit]

The U-boat was sunk by a Soviet naval mine in the Gulf of Finland on 27 November 1944 and found in the summer of 2014 in position 59°20′N 23°10′E / 59.333°N 23.167°E / 59.333; 23.167Coordinates: 59°20′N 23°10′E / 59.333°N 23.167°E / 59.333; 23.167

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate
18 July 1944 MO-304  Soviet Navy 56 Damaged

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-479". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 479.htm/ U479 on U Boat.net]