German submarine U-482

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-482
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Yard number: 317
Laid down: 13 February 1942
Launched: 25 September 1943
Commissioned: 1 December 1943
Fate: Sunk by HMS Ascension on November 25, 1944.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[1][2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(1 December 1943–31 July 1944)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–30 September 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 October–25 November 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hartmut von Matuschka
Operations: 1st patrol: 16 August–26 September 1944
2nd patrol: 18–25 November 1944
Victories: 4 commercial ships sunk (31,611 GRT)
1 warship sunk (1,010 GRT)

German submarine U-482 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down on 13 February 1942 at Deutsche Werke in Kiel as yard number 317 and went into service on 1 December 1943 under the command of Hartmut von Matuschka.[1]

U-482 began her service by training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla. She then transferred to the 9th, followed by the 11th flotillas.

Career[edit]

U-482 carried out two war patrols from Bergen in Norway, having sailed briefly to Horten (also in Norway), both under Matuschka's command. The first, which began on August 14, 1944, took U-482 off the coast of Ireland. Over a nine-day period, she sank two freighters, the two tankers Jacksonville and Empire Heritage as well as the British corvette HMS Hurst Castle for a total of 32,621 GRT. It was the single most successful war patrol by a Type VII U-boat in 1944.[2][3]

U-482 mounted a second patrol beginning November 18, but was sunk with all hands a week later by the British frigate HMS Ascension

Fate[edit]

During the war it was thought that the U-482 was not sunk until January 16, 1945, and that she had damaged the escort carrier HMS Thane (later determined to be the work of U-1172). Credit for her sinking was given to the ships of British Support Group 22. In the 1990s the British Admiralty revised that assessment and declared that U-482 had possibly struck a mine in the North Channel, off Malin Head, in early December 1944.[3] In 2005 U-boat researcher Axel Niestlé determined that U-482 was probably sunk by the British frigate HMS Ascension west of the Shetland Islands.[1]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Between August and November 1944 U-482 sailed on two combat patrols, sinking four merchant ships totalling 31,611 gross register tons (GRT) and the 1,010 GRT Castle-class corvette HMS Hurst Castle.

Ships attacked by U-482[4]
Date Ship Nationality Tons Convoy Fate and location
30 August 1944 Jacksonville  United States 10,448 CU-36 Sunk at 55°30′N 07°38′W / 55.500°N 7.633°W / 55.500; -7.633 (Jacksonville (ship))
1 September 1944 HMS Hurst Castle  Royal Navy 1,010 Sunk at 55°27′N 08°12′W / 55.450°N 8.200°W / 55.450; -8.200 (Hurst Castle (ship))
3 September 1944 Fjordheim  Norway 4,115 ONF-251 Sunk at 55°55′N 09°28′W / 55.917°N 9.467°W / 55.917; -9.467 (Fjordheim (ship))
8 September 1944 Empire Heritage  United Kingdom 15,702 HX-305 Sunk at 55°27′N 08°01′W / 55.450°N 8.017°W / 55.450; -8.017 (Empire Heritage (ship))
8 September 1944 Pinto  United Kingdom 1,346 HX-305 Sunk at 55°27′N 08°01′W / 55.450°N 8.017°W / 55.450; -8.017 (Pinto (ship))

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c "The Type VIIC boat U-482 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  2. ^ a b "War Patrols by German U-boat U-482 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  3. ^ a b Blair (2000), 630-631.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-482". uboat.net. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Blair, Clay (2000). Hitler's U-Boat War: The Hunted 1942–1945. New York: Modern Library. ISBN 0-679-64033-9. 
  • John Petersen: Darkest Before Dawn: U-482 and the Sinking of Empire Heritage 1944. The History Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0752458830

External links[edit]

See also[edit]