German submarine U-488

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-488
Ordered: 17 July 1941
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: werk 557
Laid down: 3 January 1942
Launched: 17 October 1942
Commissioned: 1 February 1943
Fate: Sunk, 26 April 1944[1]
General characteristics
Class & type: German Type XIV submarine
Displacement: 1,668 long tons (1,695 t) surfaced
1,932 long tons (1,963 t) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) overall
47.5 m (155 ft 10 in) pressure hull
Beam: 9.35 m (30 ft 8 in) overall
4.9 m (16 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Height: 11.7 m (38 ft 5 in)
Draft: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Germaniawerft F46 supercharged 6-cylinder diesel engines, 3,200 hp (2,400 kW)
2 × SSW Gu343/388-8 double-acting electric motors 750 hp (560 kW)
Speed: 14.9 knots (27.6 km/h) surfaced
6.2 knots (11.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 12,350 nmi (22,870 km; 14,210 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 240 m (790 ft)
Complement: 53–60 men
Armament: 2 × 37 mm AA guns
2 × 20 mm AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(1 February 1943–30 April 1943)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 May 1943–26 April 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Erwin Bartke
(1 February 1943–February 1944)
Oblt.z.S.. Bruno Studt
(February 1944–26 April 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 18 May–10 July 1943
2nd patrol: 7 September–12 December 1943
3rd patrol:22 February–26 April 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-488 was a Type XIV supply and replenishment U-boat ("Milchkuh") of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Her keel was laid down on 3 January 1942 by Germaniawerft in Kiel as 'werk' 557. She was launched on 17 October 1942 and commissioned on 1 February 1943, with Leutnant zur See Erwin Bartke in command. Bartke was promoted to Oberleutnant zur See by February 1944; he was relieved by Oblt.z.S. Bruno Studt.[2]

The boat's service began with training under the 4th U-boat Flotilla and culminated with the 12th flotilla for operations.

Operational career[edit]

U-488 conducted three patrols. As a supply boat, she avoided combat.[2]

1st patrol[edit]

U-488's first patrol commenced when she left Kiel on 18 May 1943. She cleared the British Isles, sailing through the gap between the Faeroe Islands and Iceland and out into the central Atlantic. On the return journey, she passed to the northwest of the Azores and reached Bordeaux in occupied France on 10 July 1943.

2nd patrol[edit]

She was attacked on her second patrol on 12 October 1943 by two Avengers from the escort carrier USS Card. The aircraft claimed a sinking, but U-488 was able to continue her mission.

On 15 October, Maschinenmaat Karl Bergmann died of an illness. On 25 November, Matrosenobergefreiter Heinz Heinlein fell overboard. He was rescued, but died of heart failure shortly afterwards.[2]

The U-boat returned to Bordeaux on 12 December 1943.

3rd patrol and loss[edit]

The boat departed Bordeaux for the last time on 22 April 1944. U-488 was sunk with all hands (64 dead) on the 26th in the mid-Atlantic west of Cape Verde by depth charges from the American destroyer escorts USS Frost, Huse, Barber and Snowden.[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 185.
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Type XIV boat U-488 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-488 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
Bibliography

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 17°54′N 38°05′W / 17.900°N 38.083°W / 17.900; -38.083