German submarine U-489
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||17 July 1941|
|Laid down:||28 January 1942|
|Launched:||24 December 1942|
|Commissioned:||8 March 1943|
|Fate:||Sunk, 4 August 1943|
|Class & type:||German Type XIV submarine|
|Displacement:||1,668 long tons (1,695 t) surfaced
1,932 long tons (1,963 t) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) overall
47.5 m (155 ft 10 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||9.35 m (30 ft 8 in) overall
4.9 m (16 ft 1 in) pressure hull
|Height:||11.7 m (38 ft 5 in)|
|Draft:||6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Germaniawerft F46 supercharged 6-cylinder diesel engines, 3,200 hp (2,400 kW)
2 × SSW Gu343/388-8 double-acting electric motors 750 hp (560 kW)
|Speed:||14.9 knots (27.6 km/h) surfaced
6.2 knots (11.5 km/h) submerged
|Range:||12,350 nmi (22,870 km; 14,210 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||240 m (790 ft)|
|Armament:||2 × 37 mm AA guns
2 × 20 mm AA guns
|Part of:||4th U-boat Flotilla
(8 March 1943–31 July 1943)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August 1943–4 August 1943)
|Commanders:||Oblt.z.S.. Adalbert Schmandt
(8 March–4 August 1943)
|Operations:||1st patrol: 22 July–4 August 1943|
Her keel was laid down on 28 January 1942, by Germaniawerft of Kiel as 'werk' 558. She was launched on 24 December 1942 and commissioned on 8 March 1943, with Leutnant zur See Adalbert Schmandt in command. He remained in command throughout the boat's short career.
U-489's first patrol began with her departure from Kiel on 2 July 1943. She headed for the Atlantic by way of the so-called Faeroes Gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands, north of the British Isles.
She was attacked by a PBY Catalina flying boat of 190 Squadron, RAF on 3 August. During the action, the 'Cat' was hit twice and retired. Her crew were obliged to jettison depth charges and on their return, found the rudder cables almost severed. Her place was taken by a Lockheed Hudson of 269 Squadron, which succeeded in damaging U-489.
Although as a supply boat, she avoided combat, she was lost on her first patrol when on 4 August, she was attacked by a Canadian Sunderland flying boat of 420 Squadron, RCAF southeast of Iceland. The Sunderland was shot down, five of the eleven man crew were killed; U-489 was sunk. 53 of her crew escaped. All the survivors were picked up by the destroyers HMS Castleton and Orwell; they had both observed the attack.
- Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 139.
- "The Type XIV boat U-489 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
- "War Patrols by German U-boat U-489 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
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