German submarine U-490

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-490
Ordered: 17 July 1941
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 559
Laid down: 21 February 1942
Launched: 24 December 1942
Commissioned: 27 March 1943
Fate: Sunk, 12 June 1944[1]
General characteristics
Class & type: German Type XIV submarine
Displacement: 1,668 long tons (1,695 t) surfaced
1,932 long tons (1,963 t) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) overall
47.5 m (155 ft 10 in) pressure hull
Beam: 9.35 m (30 ft 8 in) overall
4.9 m (16 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Height: 11.7 m (38 ft 5 in)
Draft: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Germaniawerft F46 supercharged 6-cylinder diesel engines, 3,200 hp (2,400 kW)
2 × SSW Gu343/388-8 double-acting electric motors 750 hp (560 kW)
Speed: 14.9 knots (27.6 km/h) surfaced
6.2 knots (11.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 12,350 nmi (22,870 km; 14,210 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 240 m (790 ft)
Complement: 53–60 men
Armament: 2 × 37 mm AA guns
2 × 20 mm AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(27 March 1943–31 March 1944)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 April 1943–12 June 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Wilhelm Gerlach
(27 March 1943–12 June 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 22 July–4 August 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-490 was a Type XIV supply and replenishment U-boat ("Milchkuh") of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Her keel was laid down on 21 February 1942, by Germaniawerft of Kiel as 'werk' 559. She was launched on 24 December 1942 and commissioned on 27 March 1943, with Leutnant zur See Wilhelm Gerlach in command. He remained in command throughout the boat's short career.[2]

The U-boat's service life commenced with the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 27 March 1943 to 31 March 1944 (for training). She then served, for operations, with the 12th flotilla.

Operational career[edit]

U-490's first patrol began with her departure from Kiel on 4 May 1944. She headed for the Atlantic by way of the so-called Faeroes Gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands, north of the British Isles.

Although as a supply boat, she avoided combat, she was lost on her first patrol when on 12 June, she was attacked in mid-ocean by the escort carrier USS Croatan and the destroyers Frost, Huse and Inch. There were 60 survivors (no casualties).[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 196.
  2. ^ a b c "The Type XIV boat U-490 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 08-06-2012. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-490 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 08-06-2012. 
Bibliography

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 42°47′N 40°08′W / 42.783°N 40.133°W / 42.783; -40.133