German submarine U-513

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Career
Name: U-513
Ordered: 14 February 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Yard number: 309
Laid down: 26 April 1941
Launched: 29 October 1941
Commissioned: 10 January 1942
Fate: Sunk by aircraft, 19 July 1943[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type IXC submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.8 m (252 ft 0 in) o/a
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in) o/a
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M9V40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h) surfaced
7.7 knots (14.3 km/h) submerged
Range: 24,880 nmi (46,080 km; 28,630 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
117 nautical miles (217 km; 135 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament: 6 × torpedo tubes (four bow, two stern)
22 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedoes
1 × 10.5 cm SK C/32 naval gun[2] (110 rounds)
AA guns
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(10 January 1942 – 31 August 1942)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–19 July 1943)
Commanders: Korvettekapitän Rolf Rüggeberg
(10 January 1942 – 14 May 1944)
Kapitänleutnant Friedrich Guggenberger
(15 May 1943–19 July 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 15 August – 2 October 1942
Victories: Six ships sunk for a total of 29,940 GRT GRT; two ships damaged for a total of 13,177 GRT

U-513 was a type IXC U-boat built for service in Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down on 26 May 1941 by the naval construction firm Deutsche Werft AG in Hamburg as 'werk' 309, and commissioned on 10 January 1942. Her commanders were Korvettenkapitän Rolf Rüggeberg (January 1942 to April 1943) and Kapitänleutnant Friedrich Guggenberger (15 May to 19 July 1943). Her training period was from 10 January 1942 to 31 August, as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla. She was then assigned to the 10th U-boat Flotilla for operations.

She sank six ships with a total tonnage of 29,940 gross register tons (GRT) and damaged two more with a total tonnage of 13,177 GRT. The boat was a member of two wolfpacks. She was sunk by depth charges from a US aircraft in the South Atlantic Ocean in July 1943.

In 2011 after nine years research and two years of seagoing searches, the expedition led by the explorers of Schurmann Family located U-513, 85 km (46 nmi) east of their hometown of Florianópolis. The find was announced worldwide on June 17, 2011, when the Schürmanns produced images of a Side-scanning sonar. A dive was made in 2012, where photos and video images were recorded.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

U-513's first patrol began when she departed Kiel on 7 August 1942 and headed for the Atlantic by way of the gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Her first two successes came in Conception Bay, Newfoundland on 5 September. She arrived in Lorient, in occupied France on 22 October.

2nd patrol[edit]

Her second sortie took her far out into mid-Atlantic, but she returned to her French base empty-handed. The captain was replaced with the young captain Friedrich Guggenberger.

3rd patrol[edit]

Her third and last foray saw her close to the Brazilian coast. She was sunk southeast of São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina state on 19 July 1943 by a US Navy Mariner (Squadron VP-74/P-5). 46 men died; there were seven survivors, including her captain, Friedrich Guggenberger.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Deaths Fate
5 September 1942 Lord Strathcona  Canada 7,335 0 Sunk
5 September 1942 Saganaga  United Kingdom 5,454 30 Sunk
29 September 1942 Ocean Vagabond  United Kingdom 7,174 1 Damaged
21 June 1943 Venezia  Sweden 1,673 0 Sunk
25 June 1943 Eagle  United States 6,003 0 Damaged
1 July 1943 Tutoya  Brazil 1,125 7 Sunk
3 July 1943 Elihu B. Washburne  United States 7,176 0 Sunk
16 July 1943 Richard Caswell  United States 7,177 9 Sunk

Discovery[edit]

The wreck was found on 14 July 2011, at a depth of 75 m (246 ft), by Brazilian underwater archeologists from the Instituto Kat Schurmann and the Universidade do Vale do Itajaí (Univali). The search for U-513 was conducted with a sail boat and took two years. Another ten German submarines remain to be discovered in Brazilian coastal waters.

U-513 Found/Underwater Footage[edit]

A Brazilian project has searched Brazilian waters for the sunken U-513.[5] She was finally found in 2011, and the first underwater videos of the boat were released in March 2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, pp. 132-133.
  2. ^ Campbell, John Naval Weapons of World War Two ISBN 0-87021-459-4 pp.248&249
  3. ^ "The Type IXC boat U-513 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-513 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  5. ^ U-513
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard&Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 27°17′S 47°32′W / 27.283°S 47.533°W / -27.283; -47.533