German submarine U-517

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-517
Ordered: 14 February 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Yard number: 313
Laid down: 5 June 1941
Launched: 30 December 1941
Commissioned: 21 March 1942
Fate: Sunk, November 1942 southwest of Ireland by British carrier aircraft[1]
General characteristics [2]
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) overall
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.76 m (22 ft 2 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 shp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 shp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,450 nmi (24,910 km; 15,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(21 March–31 August 1942)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–21 November 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Paul Hartwig
(21 March–21 November 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol:
8 August–19 October 1942
2nd patrol:
17 November–21 November 1942
Victories: Eight ships sunk, total (26,383 GRT); one warship sunk, 900 tons

German submarine U-517 was a Type IXC U-boat of the Nazi Germany's navy (Kriegsmarine) during World War II.

She was laid down at the Deutsche Werft in Hamburg as yard number 313 on 24 September 1940, launched on 30 December 1941 and commissioned on 21 March 1942 with Kapitänleutnant Paul Hartwig in command.

U-517 began her service career with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 21 March 1942. She was reassigned to the 10th flotilla for operations on 1 September.

She carried out two patrols and sank eight ships. She was sunk by British carrier aircraft in November 1942.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

The boat departed Kiel on 8 August 1942, moved through the North Sea and negotiated the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. She crossed the Atlantic Ocean and attacked Allied shipping in the area of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.[3]

One of her early victims was the Arlyn. This ship had already been torpedoed by U-165. U-517 finished her off on 28 August 1942.

She also sank the Donald Stewart on 3 September 1942 northeast of Cape Whittle. The Canadian escort HMCS Weyburn tried to ram, but the distance between the two vessels was too great. U-517 then evaded a depth charge pattern. A few hours later, she was attacked by a Digby aircraft of No. 10 Squadron RCAF; but the depth charges detonated prematurely, causing more damage to the aircraft than to the U-boat.

The submarine subsequently sank the Canadian corvette HMCS Charlottetown about 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) off Cap-Chat on 11 September.

U-517 docked at Lorient in occupied France on 19 October 1942.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

The boat departed Lorient on 17 November 1942 and sailed west. She was hardly out of the Bay of Biscay when she was sunk by Fairey Albacores of 817 Naval Air Squadron from the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious.

One man died; there were 52 survivors.[1]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[4]
27 August 1942 Chatham  United States 5,649 Sunk
28 August 1942 Arlyn  United States 3,304 Sunk
3 September 1942 Donald Stewart  Canada 1,781 Sunk
7 September 1942 Mount Pindus  Greece 5,729 Sunk
7 September 1942 Mount Taygetus  Greece 3,286 Sunk
7 September 1942 Oakton  Canada 1,727 Sunk
11 September 1942 HMCS Charlottetown  Royal Canadian Navy 900 Sunk
15 September 1942 Inger Elisabeth  Norway 2,166 Sunk
15 September 1942 Saturnus  Netherlands 2,741 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Gröner 1985, p. 110.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
  3. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 55
  4. ^ "U-517 Successes". Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 46°16′N 17°09′W / 46.267°N 17.150°W / 46.267; -17.150