German submarine U-522

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-522
Ordered: 14 February 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Yard number: 337
Laid down: 9 July 1941
Launched: 1 April 1942
Commissioned: 11 June 1942
Fate: Sunk, February 1943 in mid-Atlantic west of Madeira by a British warship[1]
General characteristics [2]
Type: Type IXC submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) overall
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.76 m (22 ft 2 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,000 hp (2,983 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,450 nmi (24,910 km; 15,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
64 nautical miles (119 km; 74 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(11 June–30 September 1942)
2nd U-boat Flotilla
(1 October 1942–23 February 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Herbert Schneider
(11 June 1942–23 February 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
8 October–2 December 1942
2nd patrol:
31 December 1942–23 February 1943
Victories: Seven ships sunk, total 45,826 GRT; two ships damaged, total 12,479 GRT

German submarine U-522 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down at the Deutsche Werft (yard) in Hamburg as yard number 337 on 9 July 1941, launched on 1 April 1942 and commissioned on 11 June with Kapitänleutnant Herbert Schneider in command.

U-522 began her service career with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 11 June 1942. She was reassigned to the 2nd flotilla for operations on 1 October 1942.

She carried out two patrols and sank seven ships. She damaged two more. She was sunk in February 1943 in mid-Atlantic west of Madeira by a British warship.[3]

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

The boat departed Kiel on 8 October 1942, moved through the North Sea, negotiated the 'gap' between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and entered the Atlantic Ocean.

She opened her account when she damaged the Hartington about 450 nautical miles (830 km; 520 mi) east of Belle Isle (off the main island of Newfoundland) on 2 November 1942. The abandoned Hartington was sunk later that same day by U-521.

U-522 sank the Martima 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) northeast of St. Johns on the same day as the attack on the Hartington and went on to sink the Parthenonn.

She entered Lorient, on the French Atlantic coast, on 2 December 1942.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

U-522 '​s second foray took her to the mid-Atlantic once again. She sank the Norvik 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) west of Teneriffe on 9 January 1943. Two days later, she damaged the British Dominion "northeast of the Canary Islands".

She was sunk west of Madeira on 23 February 1942 by depth charges dropped by the sloop (ex-US Coast Guard Cutter) HMS Totland.

Fifty-one men died; there were no survivors.[4][5]

Wolf packs[edit]

U-522 took part in 2 wolf packs, namely,

  • Kreuzotter (8 Nov 1942 - 22 Nov 1942)
  • Delphin (3 Jan 1943 - 14 Feb 1943)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[6]
2 November 1942 Hartington  United Kingdom 5,496 Damaged
2 November 1942 Martima  United Kingdom 5,801 Sunk
2 November 1942 Mount Pelion  Greece 5,655 Sunk
2 November 1942 Parthenonn  Greece 3,189 Sunk
18 November 1942 Yaka  United States 5,432 Sunk
9 January 1943 Minister Wedel  Norway 6,833 Sunk
9 January 1943 Norvik  Panama 10,034 Sunk
11 January 1943 British Dominion  United Kingdom 6,983 Damaged
23 February 1943 Athelprincess  United Kingdom 8,882 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 105
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
  3. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 105
  4. ^ Kemp, p. 105.
  5. ^ "The Type IXC boat U-522 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Ships hit by U-522". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 31°27′N 26°22′W / 31.450°N 26.367°W / 31.450; -26.367