German submarine U-530
U-530 after her surrender at Mar del Plata Naval Base
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||15 August 1940|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werft AG, Hamburg-Finkenwerder|
|Laid down:||8 December 1941|
|Launched:||28 July 1942|
|Commissioned:||14 October 1942|
|Fate:||Surrendered in Mar del Plata, Argentina, 10 July 1945
Sunk during torpedo tests on 28 November 1947 by submarine USS Toro
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Type IXC/40 submarine|
|Displacement:||1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
|Length:||76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull|
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
|Range:||138,500 nmi (256,500 km; 159,400 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 44 enlisted|
|FuMO-61 Hohentwiel U
|Part of:||4th U-boat Flotilla
(14 October 1942–28 February 1943)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 March 1943–30 September 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 October 1944–8 May 1945)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Kurt Lange
(14 October 1942–January 1945)
Oblt.z.S.. Otto Wermuth
(January 1945–10 July 1945)
|Victories:||Two ships sunk for a total of 12,063 GRT
one ship damaged of 10,195 GRT
German submarine U-530 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down at the Deutsche Werft in Hamburg on 8 December 1941 as 'werk' 345, launched on 28 July 1942 and commissioned on 14 October 1942 with Kapitänleutnant Kurt Lange in command. He was replaced in January 1945 by Oberleutnant zur See Otto Wermuth.
She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla while training, then the 10th flotilla from 1 March 1943 to 30 September 1944 and the 33rd flotilla from 1 October 1944 to 8 May 1945. U-530 completed seven war patrols, sinking two ships totalling 12,063 gross register tons (GRT) and damaging another of 10,195 GRT. She surrendered in Mar del Plata, Argentina on 10 July 1945.
The submarine left Kiel on her first patrol on 20 February 1943. Her route to the Atlantic took her through the gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. On 9 March she sank the Swedish ship Milos in mid-Atlantic, at a point roughly equidistant from the southern tip of Greenland, Iceland and northwest Scotland. She also sank the American Sunoil on 5 April after the tanker had already been hit by U-563. She then made her way to the port of Lorient in occupied France, arriving on 22 April.
2nd, 3rd and 4th patrols
Her fifth patrol took her to the Caribbean Sea where she attacked and damaged the American Chapultepec on 26 December 1943. She was forced to return to France when she was rammed by the tanker Esso Buffalo on 29 December. She arrived at Lorient on 22 February 1944.
For her sixth sortie, U-530 departed Lorient on 22 May 1944 ultimately for operations in the Trinidad area. On her outward voyage she was to rendezvous with the Japanese submarine I-52 and supply the larger boat with a Naxos radar detector, a radar operator and a German navigator to help I-52 complete her journey.
The two submarines rendezvoused on 23 June in mid-Atlantic, 850 nmi (1,570 km; 980 mi) west of the Cape Verde Islands. The Allies had been informed of the rendezvous and directed the escort carrier Bogue (CVE-9) to the scene; her aircraft managed to sink I-52 with an acoustic torpedo. U-530 returned to base, this time Flensburg, after 133 days at sea.
A short journey from Kiel to Horten in southern Norway was her recorded next move, but it did not count as a patrol.
7th patrol and surrender
Her captain, Oberleutnant Otto Wermuth, had decided to surrender at Mar del Plata. He did not explain why it had taken him more than two months to reach there, nor why the submarine had jettisoned its deck gun, or why the crew carried no identification, nor what had happened to the ship's log.
The unexpected arrival of U-530 started many rumors. Brazilian Admiral Jorge Dodsworth Martins said he believed that U-530 could have sunk the cruiser Bahia, while Admiral Dudal Teixeira, also a Brazilian, believed that U-530 had come from Japan. An Argentine reporter claimed that he had seen a Buenos Aires provincial police report to the effect that a strange submarine had surfaced off the lower Argentine coast and had landed a high-ranking officer and a civilian who might have been Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun in disguise. U-977 was also accused of sinking Bahia; an inquiry eventually found that she had been sunk due to a gunnery accident.
The Argentine Naval Ministry issued an official communique in which they stated that U-530 was not responsible for the sinking of Bahia; no Nazi leader or high-ranking military officers were aboard; and U-530 had landed no one on the coast of Argentina before surrendering.
U-530 was one of the few U-boats that was fitted with a FuMO 61 Hohentwiel U Radar Transmitter. It was installed on the starboard side of the conning tower.
U-530 was fitted with the FuMB-26 Tunis antenna.
Summary of Raiding Career
|9 March 1943||Milos||Sweden||3,058||Sunk|
|5 April 1943||Sunoil||United States||9,005||Sunk|
|26 December 1943||Chapultepec||United States||10,195||Damaged|
- U-530 uboat.net
- Gröner, p. 105-7.
- Samuel, Wolfgang W. E. (2004). American Raiders. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 114. ISBN 1578066492.
- "U-530", TIME, 23 July 1945
- Rohwer, Jürgen: Chronology of the war at sea, 1939-1945: the naval history of World War II. Naval Institute Press, 2005, page 423. ISBN 1-59114-119-2
- Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard&Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Los Verdaderos Últimos Días de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Parte II: "La verdad sobre la llegada de sumergiles alemanes a la Argentina". Julio B. Mutti, HistoryBook 2013, ISBN 978-987-29109-1-4