German submarine U-535
|Ordered:||10 April 1941|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werft, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||6 March 1942|
|Launched:||8 October 1942|
|Commissioned:||23 December 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, 5 July 1943|
|Type:||Type IXC/40 submarine|
|Displacement:||1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
|Length:||76.8 m (252 ft 0 in) o/a
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.9 m (22 ft 8 in) o/a
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × MAN M9V40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h) submerged
|Range:||25,620 nmi (47,450 km; 29,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
117 nautical miles (217 km; 135 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||48 to 56|
|Armament:||6 × torpedo tubes (4 bow, 2 stern)
22 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedoes
1 × Utof 105 mm/45 deck gun (110 rounds)
|Part of:||4th U-boat Flotilla
(23 December 1942–31 May 1943)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 June 1943–5 July 1943)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Helmut Ellmenreich
(23 December 1942–5 July 1943)
|Operations:||1st patrol: 25 May–5 July 1943|
German submarine U-535 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 6 March 1942 at the Deutsche Werft yard at Hamburg, launched on 8 October 1942, and commissioned on 23 December 1942 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Helmut Ellmenreich. After training with 4th U-boat Flotilla in the Baltic Sea, U-535 was transferred to 10th U-boat Flotilla for front-line service. U-535 completed one patrol, but did not sink any ships.
On 8 June at about 14:00, the U-boat was attacked with depth charges by a Hudson light bomber from No. 269 Squadron RAF, close to Convoy SC-132. A follow-up attack by another Hudson from the same squadron was aborted when the depth charges failed to release in two attack runs. The aircraft was damaged by the U-boat's flak, and the pilot warned an arriving United States Navy Catalina patrol bomber of Squadron VP-84 that the boat would stay up and fight, so the flying boat shadowed U-535 until it escaped at dusk.
At 16:55 on 5 July 1943, a group of three inbound U-boats; U-170, U-535 and U-536 were attacked by a British Liberator maritime reconnaissance aircraft of No. 53 Squadron RAF, north-east of Cape Finisterre, Spain. The U-boats evaded the first attack, and U-536 was strafed in the second. U-536 gave the signal to crash-dive, but for unknown reasons U-535 remained on the surface. Despite hitting the aircraft with her AA guns, the U-boat was straddled by eight depth charges and sank with all hands in position Coordinates: . Damaged and with one crewman wounded, the aircraft immediately left the area and returned to base.
- "The Type IXC/40 boat U-535 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- "War Patrols by German U-boat U-535 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- "Patrol of U-boat U-535 from 25 May 1943 to 5 Jul 1943 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- U-535 at uboat.net
- U-535 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]
- Bishop, C. Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. Amber Books, 2006.