German submarine U-541

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-516
Ordered: 14 February 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Laid down: 12 May 1941
Launched: 16 December 1941
Commissioned: 21 February 1942
Fate: Surrendered, 12 May 1945 at Gibraltar; transferred to Lisahally in Northern Ireland. Sunk, January 1946
General characteristics [1]
Type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 138,500 nmi (256,500 km; 159,400 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(24 March 1942–31 October 1943)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1943–31 October 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1944–8 May 1945)
Commanders: Kptlt. Kurt Petersen
(24 March 1943–12 May 1945)
Operations: 1st patrol:
4 November 1943–9 January 1944
2nd patrol:
29 February–22 June 1944
3rd patrol:
6 August–11 November 1944
4th patrol:
7 April –12 May 1945
Victories: One ship sunk, (2,140 GRT).

German submarine U-541 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down at the Deutsche Werft (yard) in Hamburg as yard number 362 on 5 May 1942, launched on 5 January 1943 and commissioned on 24 March with Kapitänleutnant Kurt Petersen in command.

U-541 began her service career with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 24 March 1943. She was re-assigned to the 10th flotilla for operations on 1 November, then the 33rd flotilla on 1 November 1944.

She carried out four patrols and sank one ship. She was a member of four wolfpacks.

She surrendered on 12 May 1945 at Gibraltar and was transferred to Lisahally in Northern Ireland for Operation Deadlight. She was sunk in January 1946.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

U-541's first patrol began with her departure from Kiel on 4 November 1943. She passed through the gap separating Iceland and the Faroe Islands before heading out into the Atlantic Ocean.

She entered Lorient, on the French Atlantic coast, on 9 January 1944.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

For her second foray, U-541 headed toward the eastern seaboard of North America.

On her third sortie, she sank the Livingston northeast of Louisburg, Nova Scotia.
The boat was preparing to attack a convoy while on the surface in the Gulf of St. Lawrence when HMCS Norsyd opened fire; U-541 was forced to dive. She was then hunted for two days by four frigates, a minesweeper and aircraft of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), but escaped.

4th patrol[edit]

Her last patrol began in Horten in Norway on 7 April 1945. It ended with her surrender in Gibraltar on 12 May 1945.

Fate[edit]

U-541 was transferred to Lisahally in Northern Ireland for Operation Deadlight. She was sunk on 5 January 1946 at 55°38′N 07°35′W / 55.633°N 7.583°W / 55.633; -7.583.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
3 September 1944 Livingston  United Kingdom 2,140 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Gröner, p. 105-7.
  2. ^ "U-541 successes". Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 55°38′N 7°35′W / 55.633°N 7.583°W / 55.633; -7.583