German submarine U-568

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-568
Ordered: 24 October 1939
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 544
Laid down: 27 April 1940
Launched: 6 March 1941
Commissioned: 1 May 1941
Fate: Sunk 29 May 1942 in the Mediterranean Sea NE of Tobruk in position 32°42′N 24°53′E / 32.700°N 24.883°E / 32.700; 24.883, by RN ships HMS Hero, Eridge and Hurworth.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 May - 1 August 1941) - Training
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 August - 31 December 1941)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 January - 29 May 1942)
Commanders: Kptlt. Joachim Preuss
(1 May 1941 - 29 May 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol:
3 August 1941 - 10 September 1941
2nd patrol:
9 October 1941 - 7 November 1941
3rd patrol:
4 December 1941 – 17 January 1942
4th patrol:
2 March 1942 – 30 March 1942
5th patrol:
21 May 1942 – 29 May 1942
Victories: 1 merchant ship sunk (6,023 GRT)
2 warships sunk (1,850 tons)
1 warship damaged (1,630 tons)

German submarine U-568 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 27 April 1940 by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg as yard number 544, launched on 6 March 1941 and commissioned on 1 May 1941 under Kptlt. Joachim Preuss.

Service History[edit]

The boat's service began on 1 May 1941 with training as part of the 3rd U-boat Flotilla. She transferred to the 29th Flotilla on 1 January 1942 for active service, in the Mediterranean.

In five patrols she sank one merchant ship, two warships and damaged one warship.

Wolfpacks[edit]

She took part in four wolfpacks, namely

  • Grönland (10 – 23 August 1941)
  • Kurfürst (23 August – 2 September 1941)
  • Seewolf (2 – 8 September 1941)
  • Reissewolf (21 – 31 October 1941)

Fate[edit]

U-568 was sunk on 29 May 1942 in the Mediterranean Sea NE of Tobruk in position 32°42′N 24°53′E / 32.700°N 24.883°E / 32.700; 24.883, by Royal Navy vessels, the destroyer HMS Hero, and escort destroyers HMS Eridge and HMS Hurworth. All 47 hands survived.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
12 August 1941 HMS Picotee  Royal Navy 925 Sunk
16 October 1941 Empire Heron  United Kingdom 6,023 Sunk
17 October 1941 USS Kearny  United States Navy 1,630 Damaged
24 December 1941 HMS Salvia  Royal Navy 925 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-568". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-568". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 568". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-568". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 December 2014.