German submarine U-584

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-584
Ordered: 8 January 1940
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 560
Laid down: 1 October 1940
Launched: 26 June 1941
Commissioned: 21 August 1941
Fate: Sunk 31 October 1943 in the North Atlantic in position 49°14′N 31°55′W / 49.233°N 31.917°W / 49.233; -31.917, by depth charges from US Avenger aircraft.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(21 August - 30 November 1941) - Training
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 December 1941 - 31 October 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Joachim Deecke
(21 August 1941 - 20 December 1942)
Kurt Nölke (deputizing)
(20 December 1942 - 11 February 1943)
Kptlt. Joachim Deecke
(12 February - 31 October 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
27 November - 20 December 1941
2nd patrol:
25 December 1941 - 11 January 1942
3rd patrol:
23 January - 20 February 1942
4th patrol:
28 February - 14 March 1942
5th patrol:
5–16 May 1942
6th patrol:
25 May - 22 July 1942
7th patrol:
24 August - 10 October 1942
8th patrol:
30 December 1942 - 11 February 1943
9th patrol:
23 March - 24 May 1943
10th patrol:
2 September - 31 October 1943
Victories: 3 merchant ships sunk (18,478 GRT)
1 warship sunk (206 tons)

German submarine U-584 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 1 October 1940 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as yard number 560, launched on 26 June 1941 and commissioned on 21 August 1941 under Kptlt. Joachim Deecke.

Service History[edit]

The boat's career began with training at 5th U-boat Flotilla on 21 August 1941, followed by active service on 1 December 1941 as part of the 1st Flotilla for the remainder of her service.

In 10 patrols she sank 3 merchant ships, for a total of 18,478 gross register tons (GRT) and one warship of 206 tons.

US Saboteur Landing[edit]

On 25 May 1942, the boat departed Brest, France for a special operation. On 18 June, she landed a 4-man saboteur team just south of Jacksonville, Florida. This was one of two teams landed within a week of each other on the US east coast; the other team came aboard U-202. The boat then returned safely to Brest on 22 July.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-584 took part in 16 wolfpacks, namely

  • Ulan (25 December 1941 - 10 January 1942)
  • Stier (29 August - 2 September 1942)
  • Vorwärts (2–26 September 1942)
  • Luchs (27–29 September 1942)
  • Letzte Ritter (29 September - 1 October 1942)
  • Falke (4–19 January 1943)
  • Landsknecht (19–28 January 1943)
  • Hartherz (3–7 February 1943)
  • Löwenherz (1–10 April 1943)
  • Lerche (10–15 April 1943)
  • Specht (21 April - 4 May 1943)
  • Fink (4–6 May 1943)
  • Elbe (7–10 May 1943)
  • Elbe 1 (10–14 May 1943)
  • Leuthen (15–24 September 1943)
  • Rossbach (24 September - 6 October 1943)

Fate[edit]

U-584 was sunk on 31 October 1943 in the North Atlantic in position 49°14′N 31°55′W / 49.233°N 31.917°W / 49.233; -31.917, by depth charges from US Avenger aircraft operating from escort carrier USS Card. All hands were lost.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
10 January 1942 M-175  Soviet Navy 206 Sunk
11 September 1942 Empire Oil  United Kingdom 8,029 Sunk
11 September 1942 Hindanger  Norway 4,884 Sunk
5 May 1943 West Madaket  United States 5,565 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-584". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-584". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. pp. 105, 107, 108, 199, 219, 220. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-584". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 584". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2014.