German submarine U-589
|Ordered:||16 January 1940|
|Builder:||Blohm & Voss, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||31 October 1940|
|Launched:||6 August 1941|
|Commissioned:||25 September 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk in the Arctic Ocean by a British warship, September 1942|
|Type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Armament:||5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
|Part of:||6th U-boat Flotilla
(25 September 1941–1 February 1942)
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 February–30 June 1942)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July–14 September 1942)
|Commanders:||Krvkpt. Hans-Joachim Horrer
(25 September 1941–14 September 1942)
28 February–21 March 1942
24 March–2 April 1942
8–20 April 1942
29 April–6 May 1942
17 July–12 August 1942
23 August–1 September 1942
9–14 September 1942
|Victories:||One auxiliary warship sunk, 417 GRT;
one ship damaged - 2,847 GRT
The boat was sunk by depth charges from a British warship assisted by a British aircraft, in September 1942.
The submarine was laid down on 31 October 1940 at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as 'werk' 565, launched on 6 August 1941 and commissioned on 25 September under the command of Korvettenkapitän Hans-Joachim Horrer.
1st and 2nd patrols
U-589's first patrol was preceded by a short trip from Kiel to the German-controlled island of Helgoland, (also known as Heligoland), in February 1942. The patrol itself commenced on the 28th. She steamed through the Norwegian Sea and arrived at Kirkenes in the far north of Norway on 21 March.
For her second foray, she was involved in firing four torpedoes at the minesweeper HMS Niger; but the tracks were seen, evasive action was carried out, followed by an unsuccessful depth charge attack which caused no damage to the U-boat.
She left Kirkenes on 8 April 1942 and covered the Barents Sea. She returned to her start point on the 20th.
U-589 damaged the Soviet merchant vessel Tsiolkovskij on 1 May 1942. This ship was later sunk by the German destroyers Z-24 and Z-25.
After more short voyages from Kirkenes to Skjomenfjord (south of Narvik), then Narvik itself and Bergen in May 1942, she carried out a relatively uneventful patrol which culminated in her arrival at Skjomenfjord on 12 August.
7th patrol and loss
U-589 set out from Narvik on 9 September 1942. On the 14th, she was sunk by depth charges, first from a Fairey Swordfish of 825 Naval Air Squadron from HMS Avenger, then the British destroyer HMS Onslow.
Forty-four men died with U-589; there were no survivors.
Summary of Raiding Career
|1 May 1942||Tsoilkovskij||Soviet Union||2,847||Damaged|
|11 October 1942||Musson (No 23)||Soviet Navy||417||Sunk (Mine)|
- Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, pp. 89-90
- "The Type VIIC boat U-589 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 24
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.