German submarine U-590
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||16 January 1940|
|Builder:||Blohm & Voss, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||31 October 1940|
|Launched:||6 August 1941|
|Commissioned:||2 October 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk by a US aircraft, July 1943|
|Type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Part of:||6th U-boat Flotilla
(2 October 1941–1 April 1942)
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1 April 1942–9 July 1943)
(2 October 1941–7 June 1943)
Oblt.z.S. Werner Kruer
(8 June–9 July 1943
4–17 April 1942
3 May–25 June 1942
11 August–24 November 1942
31 January–12 April 1943
8 June–9 July 1943
|Victories:||One ship sunk, 5,228 GRT;
one ship damaged - 5,464 GRT
The boat was sunk by depth charges from a US aircraft, in July 1943.
She served with the 6th U-boat Flotilla from 2 October 1941 for training and stayed with that organization for operations from 1 April 1942 until her loss.
1st and 2nd patrols
U-590's first patrol was from Kiel on 4 April 1942. She headed for the Atlantic Ocean via the gap separating the Faroe and Shetland Islands. The boat arrived in St. Nazaire (from where she would be based for the rest of her career), in occupied France on the 17th.
Her second sortie was to mid-Atlantic but was relatively uneventful.
U-590 left St. Nazaire on 11 August 1942 for what was, at 106 days, her longest patrol. By the 28th she had still not left the Bay of Biscay. The boat headed west on 1 September. She steamed south, so that on 14 September she was off Western Sahara. She reached the most southerly point of the patrol (off Sierra Leone and Liberia), on 9 October. The return journey saw her southeast of the Cape Verde Islands on 1 November. She returned to St. Nazaire without any success on 24 November.
The boat had left St. Nazaire on 31 January 1943, but it was not until 11 March that she encountered and damaged the Jamaica Producer. Although believed sunk, the ship managed to reach port; she was repaired and returned to service in May 1943. This ship survived the war.
Eleven days later (21 March), a crew member broke an arm in mid-Atlantic.
5th patrol and loss
The submarine sank the Pelotaslóide near the mouth of the Amazon in Brazil on 4 July 1943. The ship had been waiting for tugs before entering Salinas.
U-590 was sunk by depth charges dropped from a US PBY Catalina amphibian on 9 July 1943 near the Amazon Estuary. Forty-five men died with U-590; there were no survivors.
Summary of Raiding Career
|11 March 1943||Jamaica Producer||United Kingdom||5,464||Damaged|
|4 July 1943||Pelotaslóide||Brazil||5,228||Sunk|
- Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 129
- "The Type VIIC boat U-589 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- "U-590 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.