German submarine U-593

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-593
Ordered: 16 January 1940
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 569
Laid down: 17 December 1940
Launched: 3 September 1941
Commissioned: 23 October 1941
Fate: Sunk 13 December 1943 at position 37°38′N 05°58′E / 37.633°N 5.967°E / 37.633; 5.967 by US & Royal Navy.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(23 October 1941–28 February 1942)
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 March 1942–31 October 1942)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1942–13 December 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Gerd Kelbling
(23 October 1941–13 December 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
2 March 1942–28 March 1942
2nd patrol:
20 April 1942–18 June 1942
3rd patrol:
22 July 1942–19 August 1942
4th patrol:
3 October 1942–15 October 1942
5th patrol:
2 November 1942–16 November 1942
6th patrol:
29 November 1942–31 December 1942
7th patrol:
6 February 1943–8 March 1943
8th patrol:
13 March 1943–21 March 1943
9th patrol:
25 March 1943–4 April 1943
10th patrol:
8 April 1943–23 April 1943
11th patrol:
13 June 1943–11 July 1943
12th patrol:
27 July 1943–8 August 1943
13th patrol:
15 September 1943–5 October 1943
14th patrol:
26 October 1943–7 November 1943
15th patrol:
25 November 1943–29 November 1943
16th patrol:
1 December 1943–13 December 1943
Victories: 9 merchant ships sunk (38,290 GRT)
1 merchant ship damaged (4,853 GRT)
1 merchant ship total loss (8,426 GRT)
3 warships sunk (2,902 tons)
1 warship damaged (1,625 tons)
1 warship total loss (1,625 tons)

German submarine U-593 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 17 December 1940 by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg as 'werk' 569, launched on 3 September 1941 and commissioned on 23 October under Kapitänleutnant Gerd Kelbling.

The boat's service began on 23 October 1941 with training as part of the 8th U-boat Flotilla. She was transferred to the 7th flotilla on 1 March 1942 and moved on to the 29th flotilla on 1 November.

Service History[edit]

In 16 patrols she sank 16 ships, including one warship for a total of 41,411 GRT.

In addition she took part in 3 wolfpacks, namely,

  • Steinbrinck (3 Aug 1942 – 11 Aug 1942)
  • Lohs (11 Aug 1942 – 17 Aug 1942)
  • Tümmler (3 Oct 1942 – 11 Oct 1942)

Fate[edit]

She was sunk on 13 December 1943 in the Mediterranean Sea, off Bougie, Algeria, in position 37°38′N 05°58′E / 37.633°N 5.967°E / 37.633; 5.967, by depth charges from USS Wainwright and HMS Calpe. There were no casualties.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
14 May 1942 Stavros  Greece 4,853 Damaged
25 May 1942 Persephone  Panama 8,426 Total loss
5 August 1942 Spar  Netherlands 3,616 Sunk
12 November 1942 Browning  United Kingdom 5,332 Sunk
18 March 1943 Dafila  United Kingdom 1,940 Sunk
18 March 1943 Kaying  United Kingdom 2,626 Sunk
27 March 1943 City of Guildford  United Kingdom 5,157 Sunk
11 April 1943 Runo  United Kingdom 1,858 Sunk
22 June 1943 USS LST-333  United States Navy 1,625 Total loss
22 June 1943 USS LST-387  United States Navy 1,625 Damaged
5 July 1943 Devis  United Kingdom 6,054 Sunk
21 September 1943 William W. Gerhard  United States 7,176 Sunk
7 September 1943 USS Skill  United States Navy 815 Sunk
3 November 1943 Mont Viso  Free France 4,531 Sunk
12 December 1943 HMS Tynedale  Royal Navy 1,000 Sunk
12 December 1943 HMS Holcombe  Royal Navy 1,087 Sunk

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs – The U-Boats at War. London, UK: Cassell Military Classics. pp. 89, 91–93. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-593 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "U-593 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 17 April 2014.