German submarine U-83 (1940)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-83.
Career
Name: U-83
Ordered: 9 June 1938
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 291
Laid down: 5 October 1939
Launched: 9 December 1940
Commissioned: 8 February 1941
Fate: Sunk, 4 March 1943 by a British aircraft[1]
Badge: U83emblem.gif
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIB submarine
Displacement: 753 tonnes (741 long tons) surfaced
857 t (843 long tons) submerged
Length: 66.6 m (218 ft 6 in) o/a
48.8 m (160 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft, 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling, 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490.
2 × AEG GU 460/8-276 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 295
Speed: 17.9 knots (33.2 km/h; 20.6 mph) surfaced
8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Range: 9,400 nmi (17,400 km; 10,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
90 nmi (170 km; 100 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Crush depth: 230–250 m (750–820 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament: 4 × 53.3 cm (21 in) bow torpedo tubes
12 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.5 in) deck gun with 220 rounds
1 × C30 20 mm AA
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 1st U-boat Flotilla
(8 February–31 December 1941)
23rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 January–30 April 1942)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 May 1942–4 March 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hans-Werner Kraus
(8 February 1941–21 September 1942)
Kptlt. Ulrich Wörisshoffer
(16 October 1942–4 March 1943)
Operations: Twelve:
1st patrol:
26 July–9 September 1941
2nd patrol:
28 September–31 October 1941
3rd patrol:
11–23 December 1941
4th patrol:
25–30 December 1941
5th patrol:
12–24 February 1942
6th patrol:
10–21 March 1942
7th patrol:
5 April–30 May 1942
8th patrol:
4–20 June 1942
9th patrol:
6–20 August 1942
10th patrol:
21 November–17 December 1942
11th patrol:
12–31 January 1943
12th patrol:
1–4 March 1943
Victories: Five commercial ships sunk (8,425 GRT);
one auxiliary warship sunk of 96 GRT;
one commercial ship damaged of 2,590 GRT
one auxiliary warship damaged of 6,746 GRT

German submarine U-83 was a Type VIIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down in the Flender Werke at Lubeck as Werk 291 on 5 October 1939. Launched on 9 December 1940, she was commissioned on 8 February 1941. U-83 served with 1st U-boat Flotilla from 8 February 1941 to 31 December, with the 23rd flotilla from 1 January 1942 to 30 April and with the 29th flotilla from 1 March 1942 until she was sunk.[2]

Service history[edit]

U-83 conducted 12 patrols and sank five ships totalling 8,194 gross register tons (GRT) and one auxiliary warship - the Q-ship HMS Farouk, of 91 GRT.[4] She damaged one other ship of 2,590 GRT and damaged the fighter catapult ship HMS Ariguani, of 6,746 GRT.[2][5]

U-83 was sunk on 4 March 1943 with all hands southeast of Cartagena in Spain in position 37°10′N 00°05′E / 37.167°N 0.083°E / 37.167; 0.083Coordinates: 37°10′N 00°05′E / 37.167°N 0.083°E / 37.167; 0.083, by three depth charges dropped from an RAF Hudson bomber.[2][6]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[7]
12 October 1941 Corte Real  Portugal 2,044 Sunk
26 October 1941 HMS Anguani  Royal Navy 6,746 Damaged
17 March 1942 Crista  United Kingdom 2,590 Damaged
8 June 1942 Esther*  Palestine 100 Sunk
8 June 1942 Said  Egypt 231 Sunk
9 June 1942 Typhoon*  Palestine 175 Sunk
13 June 1942 HMS Farouk  Royal Navy 96 Sunk
17 August 1942 Princess Marguerite  Canada 5,875 Sunk

* Sailing vessel

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. 1997. p. 105. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. ^ a b c d "The Type VIIB boat U-83 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-83 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  4. ^ "HMS Farouk (Q-ship) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  5. ^ "HMS Ariguani (F 105) (Fighter catapult ship) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  6. ^ Kemp, p. 105.
  7. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u.83html
Bibliography
  • Bishop, C. Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. Amber Books, 2006
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard&Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]