German submarine U-849

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-849
Ordered: 20 January 1941
Builder: DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: 1055
Laid down: 20 January 1942
Launched: 31 October 1942
Commissioned: 11 March 1943
Fate: Sunk on 25 November 1943 in the South Atlantic west of the Congo estuary at position 06°30′S 05°40′W / 6.500°S 5.667°W / -6.500; -5.667Coordinates: 06°30′S 05°40′W / 6.500°S 5.667°W / -6.500; -5.667 by depth charges dropped from a US Liberator. All hands were lost.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type IXD2 submarine
Displacement: 1,610 t (1,580 long tons) surfaced
1,804 t (1,776 long tons) submerged
Length: 87.6 m (287 ft 5 in) o/a
68.5 m (224 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 7.5 m (24 ft 7 in) o/a
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 10.2 m (33 ft 6 in)
Draft: 5.4 m (17 ft 9 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 19.2 knots (35.6 km/h; 22.1 mph) surfaced
6.9 knots (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph) submerged
Range: 12,750 nautical miles (23,610 km; 14,670 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
115 nautical miles (213 km; 132 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 55 to 63
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(23 January 1943 – 30 June 1943)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1943 – 27 August 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Heinz-Otto Schultze
(11 March 1943 – 25 November 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
2 October 1943 – 25 November 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-849 was a long-range Type IXD2 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. Laid down in Bremen and launched on 31 October 1942. She was equipped with two stern torpedo tubes and 24 mines.

Service History[edit]

Even though she was commanded by top U-boat ace Heinz-Otto Schultze (Knight’s Cross) she neither sank nor damaged any vessels.

She joined 4th Flotilla for training on 11 March 1943, where she remained until 30 September 1943, whence she then joined 12th Flotilla for active service until her sinking on 25 November 1943.

U-849 under attack by a US Liberator on 25 November 1943.

Fate[edit]

U-849 was sunk by depth charges dropped by a US Liberator bomber in the South Atlantic west of the River Congo estuary at position 06°30′S 05°40′W / 6.500°S 5.667°W / -6.500; -5.667. All 63 hands were lost.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-6.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXD2 boat U-849". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-849". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]