German submarine U-94 (1940)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-94.
Bundesarchiv Bild 101II-MW-3491-06, St. Nazaire, Uboot U 94, Karl Dönitz.jpg
Chief of the German U-boat arm Karl Dönitz observing the arrival of U-94 at St. Nazaire in June 1941
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-94
Ordered: 30 May 1938
Builder: F Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 599
Laid down: 9 September 1939
Launched: 12 June 1940
Commissioned: 28 August 1940
Fate: Sunk 28 August 1942 by a US aircraft and a Canadian warship
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record
Commanders: Kptlt. Herbert Kuppisch
(10 August 1940–29 August 1941)
Oblt.z.S. Otto Ites
(29 August 1941–28 August 1942)
Operations: Ten
1st patrol:
20 November–31 December 1940
2nd patrol:
9 January–19 February 1941
3rd patrol:<br 29 March–18 April 1941
4th patrol:
29 April–4 June 1941
5th patrol:
12 July–16 August 1941
6th patrol:
2 September–15 October 1941
7th patrol:
12–30 January 1942
8th patrol:
12 February–2 April 1942
9th patrol:
4 May–23 June 1942
10th patrol:
3–28 August 1942
Victories: 26 ships sunk; 141,852 gross register tons (GRT);
one ship damaged - 8,022 GRT

German submarine U-94 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down on 9 September 1939 at the F. Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel as yard number 599, launched on 12 June 1940 and commissioned on 10 August 1940 under Kapitänleutnant Herbert Kuppisch.

She sank 26 ships of 141,852 GRT in ten patrols and was a member of six wolfpacks but was herself sunk by a US aircraft and a Canadian warship in August 1942.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

The boat left Kiel on 20 November 1940, heading for Lorient in France which she reached, via the North Sea on 31 December.

On the way, she sank the Stirlingshire on 2 December, 280 nautical miles (520 km; 320 mi) northwest of the Bloody Foreland, (a northwesterly point of the Irish mainland).[1]

She also sent the Wilhelmina and the Empire Statesman to the bottom on the 2nd and the 11th respectively.

After that, the boat headed for mid-ocean before docking at her French Atlantic base.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

U-94 returned to the Atlantic west of Ireland and Scotland for her second patrol. She sank three more ships; the Florian on 20 January 1941, the West Wales on the 29th and the Rushpool on the 30th.

For her third sortie, the boat moved into the waters west of Iceland. She sank the Harbledown on 4 April 1941 and the Lincoln Ellsworth on the 6th. The latter ship was destroyed by a combination of torpedo and fire from the deck gun.

4th and 5th patrols[edit]

U-94 was attacked by the escorts of convoy OB-318 on 7 May 1941. Some 98 depth charges over four hours were dropped. The boat persisted with her attack, however, sinking the Eastern Star and the Ixion.

Two more merchantmen met their end on the 20th: the Norman Monarch and the John P. Pedersen.

Patrol number five was carried out west of the Canary Islands; it was relatively uneventful.

6th patrol[edit]

Having left St. Nazaire on 2 September 1941, U-94 operated southeast of Cape Farewell (Greenland). She sank the Newbury, the Pegasus and the Empire Eland, all on the 15th. On 1 October, she fired five torpedoes at the San Florentino. Three of them struck home; the ship broke in two after the third impact. The bow section remained afloat and was engaged by the U-boat's deck gun, it was eventually finished off by HMCS Alberini.

The boat returned to Kiel on 15 October.

7th patrol[edit]

U-94 departed Kiel on 12 January 1942; she negotiated the gap between the Faroe and Shetland Islands, docking once more at St. Nazaire on the 30th.

8th patrol[edit]

The U-boat continued her successes on the western side of the Atlantic. She sank the Empire Hail east of St. Johns, Newfoundland on 24 February 1942. Following the coast-line to the south, her next victim was the Cayrú, about 130 nautical miles (240 km; 150 mi) from New York on 9 March. She also sank the Hvoslef two miles east of Fenwick Island, off Delaware Bay on the 11th.[2]

9th patrol[edit]

U-94 left St. Nazaire on 4 May 1942 for what would be her top-scoring patrol, (it was to be carried out once more south of Greenland). Moving into this area, a steady stream of sinkings resulted; the Cocle on 12 May, the Batna and the Tolken, both on the 13th - a sailing ship, the Maria da Glória on 5 June; the Ramsay and the Empire Cloud on the 10th. Her last kill was the Pontypridd, on the following day.

10th patrol and loss[edit]

The boat left St. Nazaire for the last time for the Caribbean on 3 August 1942. Off Haiti on the 28th, she was sunk by depth charges dropped by a US PBY Catalina and ramming by the Canadian corvette HMCS Oakville.

Nineteen men died with the U-boat; there were twenty-six survivors.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-94 took part in 6 wolfpacks, namely.

  • West (8 May 1941 - 29 May 1941)
  • Süd (22 Jul 1941 - 5 Aug 1941)
  • Seewolf (5 Sep 1941 - 15 Sep 1941)
  • Brandenburg (15 Sep 1941 - 29 Sep 1941)
  • Robbe (17 Jan 1942 - 24 Jan 1942)
  • Hecht (8 May 1942 - 16 Jun 1942)

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[3]
2 December 1940 Stirlingshire  United Kingdom 6,022 Sunk
2 December 1940 Wilhelmina  United Kingdom 6,725 Sunk
11 December 1940 Empire Statesman  United Kingdom 5,306 Sunk
20 January 1941 Florian  United Kingdom 3,174 Sunk
29 January 1941 West Wales  United Kingdom 4,353 Sunk
30 January 1941 Rushpool  United Kingdom 5,125 Sunk
4 April 1941 Harbledown  United Kingdom 5,414 Sunk
6 April 1941 Lincoln Ellsworth  Norway 5,580 Sunk
7 May 1941 Ixon  United Kingdom 10,263 Sunk
7 May 1941 Eastern Star  Norway 5,658 Sunk
20 May 1941 John P. Pedersen  Norway 6,128 Sunk
20 May 1941 Norman Monarch  United Kingdom 4,718 Sunk
15 September 1941 Newbury  United Kingdom 5,102 Sunk
15 September 1941 Pegasus  Greece 5,762 Sunk
15 September 1941 Empire Eland  United Kingdom 5,613 Sunk
1 October 1941 San Florentino  United Kingdom 12,842 Sunk
24 February 1942 Empire Hail  United Kingdom 7,005 Sunk
9 March 1942 Cayrǘ  Brazil 5,152 Sunk
11 March 1942 Hvoslef  Norway 1,630 Sunk
25 March 1942 Imperial Transport  United Kingdom 8,022 Damaged
12 May 1942 Cocle  Panama 5,630 Sunk
13 May 1942 Tolken  Sweden 4,471 Sunk
13 May 1942 Batna  United Kingdom 4,399 Sunk
5 June 1942 Maria da Glória *  Portugal 320 Sunk
10 June 1942 Ramsay  United Kingdom 4,855 Sunk
10 June 1942 Empire Clough  United Kingdom 6,147 Sunk
11 June 1942 Pontypridd  United Kingdom 4,458 Sunk

* Sailing vessel

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The Times Atlas of the World, 1995, p. 9
  2. ^ The Times Atlas of the World, 1995, p. 65
  3. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u.94html
Bibliography
  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. pp. 66, 67, 70, 71. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Bishop, C (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939–45. Amber Books. 
  • Miller, David (2000). U-Boats: the Illustrated History of the Raiders of the Deep. Washington: Brassey’s Inc. 
  • The Times Atlas of the World (Third, revised ed.). 1995. ISBN 0-7230-0809-4. 

External links[edit]

  • "U-94". uboat.net. 1995–2007. Retrieved 18 April 2007. 

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 17°40′N 74°30′W / 17.667°N 74.500°W / 17.667; -74.500