German submarine U-957

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-957
Ordered: 10 April 1941
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 157
Laid down: 11 March 1942
Launched: 21 November 1942
Commissioned: 7 January 1943
Decommissioned: 21 October 1944
Fate: Scrapped, 1945
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(7 January–31 July 1943)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–31 December 1943)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 January–30 September 1944)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(1–21 October 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Franz Saar
(7 January–20 March 1943)
Oblt.z.S. Gerhard Schaar
(1 April 1943–21 October 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 14 December 1943–12 January 1944
2nd patrol: 24 January–2 February 1944
3rd patrol: 6–20 February 1944
4th patrol: 26 February–4 March 1944
5th patrol: 11 May–8 June 1944
6th patrol: 23 July–3 September 1944
7th patrol: 7 September–3 October 1944
Victories: 2 commercial vessels sunk (7,564 GRT)
2 military vessels sunk (604 GRT)

German submarine U-957 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Laid down by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, on 11 March 1942, the U-boat was launched on 21 November 1942, and commissioned on 7 January 1943, by Leutnant zur See Franz Saar.

Service History[edit]

Under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Schaar U-957 carried out seven war patrols between December 1943 and October 1944, sinking two commercial vessels; the British Fort Bellingham and the Soviet survey vessel Nord; and two military vessels, the American submarine chaser USS PTC-38, and the Soviet corvette Brilliant.

Fate[edit]

Her combat career ended on 19 October 1944 at Lofoten, Norway, when she collided with a German steamer. On 21 October 1944 she was taken out of service in Trondheim.

On 29 May 1945 she was taken to England where she was broken up.[2]

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Ship[3] Nationality Tonnage Fate
26 January 1944 Fort Bellingham  United Kingdom 7,153 Sunk
26 January 1944 USS PTC-38  United States Navy 54 Sunk
26 August 1944 Nord  Soviet Navy 411 Sunk
23 September 1944 Brilliant  Soviet Navy 550 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-957". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-957". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-957". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 957". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2014.