German submarine U-98 (1940)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||30 May 1938|
|Laid down:||27 September 1939|
|Launched:||31 August 1940|
|Commissioned:||12 October 1940|
|Fate:||Sunk, 15 November 1942, by a British warship|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Part of:||7th U-boat Flotilla
(12 October 1940–15 November 1942)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Robert Gysae
(12 October 1940–23 March 1942)
Kptlt. Wilhelm Schulze
(24 March 1942–October 1942)
Oblt.z.S. Kurt Eichmann
(October 1942–15 November 1942)
12 March–14 April 1941
1–29 May 1941
23 June–23 July 1941
31 August–26 September 1941
29 October–29 November 1941
18 January–27 February 1942
31 March–6 June 1942
17 July–16 September 1942
22 October–15 November 1942
|Victories:||10 commercial ships sunk (48,878 GRT)
one auxiliary warship sunk - 10,549 GRT
one warship damaged - 185 tons
She was launched on 31 August 1940 and commissioned on 12 October, with a crew of 46 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Robert Gysae, operating from St. Nazaire in France. In March 1942 command was transferred to Korvettenkapitän Wilhelm Schulze. Her final commander was Oberleutnant zur See Kurt Eichmann, who took over in October 1942. She was a member of six wolfpacks.
U-98 sailed from Kiel under the command of Robert Gysae on 12 March 1941, and out into the Atlantic south of Iceland. On 27 March she sank the British 6,695 ton Koranton, a straggler from Convoy SC 25, with a single torpedo south southwest of Reykjavík. The ship sank quickly; she was loaded with 8,769 tons of pig iron. On 4 April U-98 joined a wolfpack in an attack on Convoy SC 26. She sank the Norwegian 2,467 ton Helle, and the British 5,122 ton Wellcombe. On 9 April she sank the Dutch 1,304 ton Prins Willem II, from Convoy HX 117. The U-boat then arrived at Lorient on the French Atlantic coast on 14 April.
Sailing from Lorient on 1 May 1941, U-98 headed once more out into the Atlantic, this time to the waters south of Cape Farewell, Greenland. There at 04:00 hours on 13 May, she spotted the British 10,549 ton armed merchant cruiser (AMC) HMS Salopian, escorting Convoy SC 30 in fog. U-98 's first attack, with two torpedoes missed, as did her second at 06:20. A third attack an hour later was more successful, hitting the AMC amidships and in the bow, although not preventing the ship from opening fire on the submarine, which forced the boat to dive. However, these hits fractured brought down Salopian's radio antenna and fractured a steam line, shutting down her engines.
At 08:00 and 08:50, two more torpedoes hit the Salopian in the engine room. Finally at 10:43, a single torpedo hit the stricken vessel amidships. She broke in two, and sank within two minutes. In all, nine torpedoes had been used. Former merchant vessels such as Salopian, when converted for naval use, had their cargo holds filled with buoyant material such as empty barrels, so they could withstand a considerable number of torpedo hits and remain afloat.
On 20 May 1941 U-98 sank the British 5,356 ton Rothermere, part of convoy HX-126, which had scattered. The next day she sank the British 7,402 ton Marconi, part of another dispersed convoy, OB-322. U-98 arrived at her new homeport at St. Nazaire on 29 May 1941.
Sailing from St. Nazaire on 23 June 1941, U-98 attacked Convoy OB 341 northwest of the Azores on 9 July and sank the British 5,945 ton Designer, she also destroyed the British 4,897 ton Inverness. She returned to St. Nazaire on 23 July.
Departing from St. Nazaire on 31 August 1941, U-98 patrolled the waters west of the British Isles, and on 16 September fired four single torpedoes at Convoy SC 42 north-west of St. Kilda, sinking the British 4,392 ton Jedmoor. She returned to St. Nazaire on 26 September.
U-98 left St. Nazaire on 29 October 1941, and returned on 29 November, after a patrol in the Atlantic, north of the Azores, lasting 32 days, but with no results.
U-98 sailed on 18 January 1942, for her last patrol under the command of Robert Gysae, and headed across the Atlantic to the east coast of Canada. There, on 15 February 1942, she torpedoed the British 5,298 ton Biela, originally from Convoy ON 62, sinking her about 400 miles southeast of Cape Race (on the eastern tip of Newfoundland). There were no survivors, even though the ship's crew had taken to the boats. The U-boat returned to St. Nazaire on 27 February.
On 31 March 1942, now commanded by Korvettenkapitän Wilhelm Schulze, U-98 sailed from St. Nazaire. However, at 00:47 on 2 April, still in the Bay of Biscay the U-boat was attacked by a Whitley bomber of 502 Squadron RAF Coastal Command with six 250-pound (110 kg) depth charges. U-98 crash-dived and escaped with minor damage. She then sailed for the coast of Florida, but had no success, returning to port on 6 June 1942.
U-98 next patrol began on 17 July 1942, it took her back to the Florida coast to lay mines, one of which damaged the American 185 ton minesweeper Bold (AMc-67) on 10 August 1942. She returned home on 16 September.
9th and final patrol
U-98 ' s ninth and final patrol was under the command of Oblt.z.S. Kurt Eichmann. The U-boat departed St. Nazaire on 22 October 1942, and after a voyage out to the mid-Atlantic without result was sunk on 15 November west of the Strait of Gibraltar at Coordinates: , by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Wrestler, all 46 hands were lost.
U-98 took part in 6 wolfpacks, namely.
- West (8 May 1941 - 27 May 1941)
- Seewolf (3 Sep 1941 - 15 Sep 1941)
- Störtebecker (5 Nov 1941 - 19 Nov 1941)
- Gödecke (19 Nov 1941 - 22 Nov 1941)
- Natter (30 Oct 1942 - 8 Nov 1942)
- Westwall (8 Nov 1942 - 15 Nov 1942)
Summary of Raiding Career
|27 March 1941||Koranton||United Kingdom||6,695||Sunk|
|4 April 1941||Helle||Norway||2,467||Sunk|
|4 April 1941||Welcombe||United Kingdom||5,122||Sunk|
|9 April 1941||Prins Wellen II||Netherlands||1,304||Sunk|
|13 May 1941||HMS Salopian||Royal Navy||10,549||Sunk|
|20 May 1941||Rothermere||United Kingdom||5,356||Sunk|
|21 May 1941||Marconi||United Kingdom||7,402||Sunk|
|9 July 1941||Designer||United Kingdom||5,945||Sunk|
|9 July 1941||Inverness||United Kingdom||4,897||Sunk|
|16 September 1941||Jedmoor||United Kingdom||4,392||Sunk|
|15 February 1942||Biela||United Kingdom||5,298||Sunk|
|10 August 1942||USS Bold||United States Navy||185||Damaged|
Previously recorded fate
U-98 was originally thought to have been sunk on 19 November 1942 southwest of Cape St. Vincent (southwest Portugal), by a Lockheed Hudson of 608 Squadron. U-413 was the victim – she was severely damaged.
- Kemp, Paul (1997). U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. Arms and Armour. p. 96. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-98". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-98". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Koranton (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Convoy SC-26 - Convoy Battles - U-boat Operations - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Helle (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Welcombe (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Prins Willem II (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- Morgan, Taylor (2011), pp 96-100
- Morgan, Taylor (2011), p. xxix
- "HMS Salopian (F 94) (Armed Merchant Cruiser) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Rothermere (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Marconi (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Designer (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Inverness (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Jedmoor (Motor merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Patrol of U-boat U-98 from 29 Oct 1941 to 29 Nov 1941 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Biela (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Patrol of U-boat U-98 from 31 Mar 1942 to 6 Jun 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "USS Bold (AMc 67) (Coastal minesweeper) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Patrol of U-boat U-98 from 22 Oct 1942 to 15 Nov 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Ships hit by U-98". WWII U-boat Successes. www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Daniel Morgan; Bruce Taylor (9 November 2011). U-Boat Attack Logs: A Complete Record of Warship Sinkings from Original Sources 1939-1945. Seaforth Publishing. pp. 96–100. ISBN 978-1-84832-118-2.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-98". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- U-98 at ubootwaffe.net
- Hofmann, Markus. "U-98". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.