German training cruiser Deutschland (A59)
|Laid down:||11 September 1959|
|Launched:||5 November 1960|
|Acquired:||10 April 1963|
|Commissioned:||25 May 1966|
|Decommissioned:||28 June 1990|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, October 1993|
|Class and type:||Type 440 cruiser|
|Displacement:||4,880 long tons (4,958 t) standard
5,684 long tons (5,775 t) full load
|Length:||130 m (426 ft 6 in) w/l
138.2 m (453 ft 5 in) o/a
|Beam:||16.1 m (52 ft 10 in)|
|Draft:||5.1 m (16 ft 9 in)|
2 × Mercedes-Benz and 2 × Maybach diesel engines, all 16-cylinder, 4-stroke (Maybach engines replaced in 1981 with Mercedes-Benz engines), 2 shafts
2 × Wahodag boilers feeding 1 set of geared Wahodag steam turbines driving center shaft, 16,000 hp (12,000 kW)
3 × 4-bladed Escher-Wyss controllable pitch propellers; 2 rudders
643 tons of oil and diesel fuel
|Speed:||22 knots (25 mph; 41 km/h)|
|Range:||3,800 nmi (7,000 km) at 12 kn (14 mph; 22 km/h)|
|Boats and landing
|3 motor pinnaces
3 motor cutters
30 life rafts
|Complement:||172 officers and men, and up to 250 cadets|
|Radar: LW-08, SGR-114, SGR-105, SGR-103, M-45
Sonar ELAC 1BV
|Armament:||4 × 100 mm/55 main guns (4 × 1)
6 × 40 mm/70 AA guns (2 × 2, 2 × 1)
2 × fixed 533 mm torpedo tubes aft (removed in the mid-1970s)
4 × trainable 533 mm anti-submarine torpedo tubes
2 × 375 mm anti-submarine mortars
Mine laying capability
|Notes:||2 cranes; 3 anchors (one aft, two fore)|
Deutschland (A59) was a naval ship of the Bundesmarine, the West German Navy. She was constructed and used as a training cruiser ("Schulschiff") in peacetime and planned for multi-role missions in the event of war: troop ship, hospital ship, minelayer, and escort. For this reason the ship was only lightly armed for its size (no guided missiles), the machinery was rather impractical and diverse, and large teaching rooms were included. Also, civilians served alongside military personnel.
In her time Deutschland was the largest naval vessel of West Germany. Permission to build the ship was granted despite being larger than allowed by tonnage restrictions imposed by the WEU on West Germany. (The later Berlin class replenishment ships of the reunited Germany are much larger.) Like most German post-war naval ships she was completely NBC protected. Deutschland was the smallest German cruiser since the 4,385-ton SMS Brummer and Bremse of 1915.
Service career and fate
Ordered in late 1958, the training ship Deutschland was laid down at Nobiskrug shipyard in Rendsburg on 11 September 1959. Launched on 5 November 1960, it was originally intended to name the Federal German Navy's training ship Berlin. For obvious political reasons however (Germany and Berlin being divided and the latter existing under the four power status, and the allies objecting the name chosen), the plan was abandoned and the vessel named after the German nation - "Deutschland" for Germany.
Delivered 10 April 1963, Deutschland was commissioned on 25 May 1966 and, like the sail training ship Gorch Fock, attached to the Naval Academy Mürwik in Flensburg. During her active service, thousands of cadets of the post-war West German navy completed the three month practical part of their officer's training on board Deutschland. The ship remained in active service until she was decommissioned on 28 June 1990. Notwithstanding the prominent role that the ship had played in the naval officer training of the Bundesmarine from the mid-1960s for nearly 25 years, all attempts to preserve the ship, e.g. as a museum, failed. FGS Deutschland was finally sold in October 1993 for scrap, and in January 1994 she was towed to Alang, India to meet her fate.
Prior to the Type 440 class training ship Deutschland, other surface warships in German naval service were carrying the same name.
Imperial German Navy
1.) The ironclad SMS Deutschland, launched in 1874,
2.) The pre-dreadnought battleship SMS Deutschland, launched in 1904
3.) The auxiliary minelayer SMS Deutschland, launched in 1909 as a civilian ship and commissioned in 1914
4.) The pocket-battleship 'Deutschland', launched in 1931 and renamed "Lützow" in 1940.
- Verein Schulschiff "Deutschland" 1989 e.V.
- Robert Gardiner (ed. dir.), Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1982, Part I. London: Conway Maritime Press, Ltd., 1983.
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