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Teucrium fruticans detail.JPG
Tree Germander (Teucrium fruticans)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Ajugoideae[1]
Genus: Teucrium
L. (1753)
Type species
Teucrium fruticans

Several, see text


Monochilon Dulac
Holocheila (Kudô) S. Chow
Kinostemon Kudô
Source: ING[2]

Teucrium is a genus of perennial plants in the family Lamiaceae. The name is believed to refer to King Teucer of Troy.[3] Members of the genus are commonly known as germanders. These species are herbs, shrubs or subshrubs. They are most common in Mediterranean climates.

An unusual feature of this genus compared with other members of Lamiaceae is that the flowers completely lack the upper lip of the corolla, although it is somewhat reduced also in other genera (Ajuga among them).

Several species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Coleophora case-bearers Coleophora auricella and Coleophora chamaedriella. The latter is only known from Wall Germander (T. chamaedrys).

Teucrium species are rich in essential oils. They are valued as ornamental plants and a pollen source, and some species have culinary and/or medical value.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Genus: Teucrium L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2011-06-14. 
  2. ^ "Teucrium" (HTML). Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 1996-02-09. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  3. ^ Grieve, Maude (1971). A Modern Herbal. Courier Dover Publications. p. 351. ISBN 978-0-486-22798-6. 
  4. ^ "Teucrium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  5. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Teucrium". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 

External links[edit]