Germania (painting)

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Frankfurt Parliament meeting in the Paulskirche decorated with the painting in 1848/49 (coloured, contemporary engraving). The yellow color on flag is contemporary imagination

Germania is a painting by Philipp Veit created in March 1848 during the Revolutions of 1848. This allegorical figure is represented with the imperial Eagle, oak leaves (symbols of German strength), a hemp branch (as a sign of peace), and a banner.

It was hung in the National Assembly in Frankfurt's Paulskirche, where it concealed the organ. It was meant as a symbol of a united democratic Germany and remained a national personification until the end of World War I.

Germania has been placed in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg since 1867.

Other Symbolism[edit]

Unfettered Shackle 
While shackles are a symbol of restriction or internment, unfettered shackles are a symbol of freedom, independence, or a new beginning. In national personification, this would indicate past control by another power or nation; either Rome historically, or more specifically, the Holy Roman Empire. See Germany: History
Note the prominent black, red and gold flag, which is still in use as the flag of Germany.
Brandished Sword 
In this figure, the sword is brandished and held upright, in a gesture of leadership and defense, rather than offense or attack. Nobility, justice and truth are represented.

See also[edit]