Germantown, Ohio

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For the Washington County community, see Germantown, Washington County, Ohio.
Germantown, Ohio
City
Municipality of Germantown
Montage of Germantown, Ohio
Montage of Germantown, Ohio
Flag of Germantown, Ohio
Flag
Coat of arms of Germantown, Ohio
Coat of arms
Location of Germantown, Montgomery County, Ohio
Location of Germantown, Montgomery County, Ohio
Location within Montgomery County, Ohio
Location within Montgomery County, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°37′38″N 84°21′57″W / 39.62722°N 84.36583°W / 39.62722; -84.36583Coordinates: 39°37′38″N 84°21′57″W / 39.62722°N 84.36583°W / 39.62722; -84.36583
Country United States
State Ohio
County Montgomery
established 1804
founded 1814
incorporated 1833
municipalized 1980
Founded by Philip Gunckel
Government
 • Mayor Steve Boeder
Area[1]
 • Total 4.26 sq mi (11.03 km2)
 • Land 4.26 sq mi (11.03 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 722 ft (220 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 5,547
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 5,525
 • Density 1,302.1/sq mi (502.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 45325, 45327
Area code(s) 937
FIPS code 39-29932[5]
GNIS feature ID 1064716[2]
Website http://www.germantown.oh.us/

Germantown is a city in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States. The population was 5,547 at the 2010 census.[6] It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Germantown is located at 39°37′38″N 84°21′57″W / 39.62722°N 84.36583°W / 39.62722; -84.36583 (39.627133, -84.365951).[7]

Germantown is situated within German Township, in the south-western part of Montgomery County, Ohio. The town is in an area known as the Twin Valley, due to the Little Twin Creek on its east side, and Big Twin on its west and south sides, being in the forks of these streams.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.26 square miles (11.03 km2), all land.[1]

History[edit]

Germantown Historic Society & Former Carnegie Library

Germantown, was established in 1804 by German-speaking settlers from Berks County, Pennsylvania. Philip Gunckel, the only member of the group who spoke English, is recognized as Germantown's founder, who chose the site for a grist mill and laid out the original town plat 1814. The Gunckel Town Plat, maintaining many of its original 19th and early 20th century buildings, has been recognized as a Historic District and has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9]

Germantown Covered Bridge, east of downtown

Germantown underwent many economic changes as distilleries, and the cigar industry, both came and went. In 1847 the Mudlick Distillery was established and, with an output of 30 barrels of whiskey a day, was considered the largest in the country for many years. At one time the Municipality housed up to 12 cigar warehouses and five factories, with the tobacco industry employing many residents up until the 1970’s.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,438
1870 1,440 0.1%
1880 1,618 12.4%
1890 1,437 −11.2%
1900 1,702 18.4%
1910 1,778 4.5%
1920 1,827 2.8%
1930 2,029 11.1%
1940 2,095 3.3%
1950 2,478 18.3%
1960 3,399 37.2%
1970 4,088 20.3%
1980 5,015 22.7%
1990 4,916 −2.0%
2000 4,884 −0.7%
2010 5,547 13.6%
Est. 2012 5,525 −0.4%
Sources:[5][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,547 people, 2,142 households, and 1,584 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,302.1 inhabitants per square mile (502.7/km2). There were 2,328 housing units at an average density of 546.5 per square mile (211.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.5% White, 0.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 2,142 households of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the village was 37.5 years. 27.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, Germantown was a village, and there were 4,884 people, 1,898 households, and 1,412 families residing there. The population density was 1,361.2 people per square mile (525.3/km²). There were 1,994 housing units at an average density of 555.7 per square mile (214.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.53% White, 0.37% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.

Local Germantown Farm

There were 1,898 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the village the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $47,179, and the median income for a family was $54,617. Males had a median income of $40,156 versus $28,622 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,287. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.

Local government[edit]

Germantown adopted a council-manager form of government on June 8, 1976. The Municipality is governed by a mayor and six council members, all elected at large. The municipal manager supervises the daily operation of the government. Departments include the Street & Storm Sewer Department, Water & Sanitary Sewer Department, Planning & Zoning, Police, Fire, and Finance.[18]

Arts and culture[edit]

Germantown is known for its historic downtown area and the unique wagon-wheel design of its alley system, which was originally laid out by Philip Gunckel when he settled in Germantown. The system is roughly bounded by Mulberry and Walnut Streets, and Warren and Market Streets. The downtown area was added to the National Historic Register in 1976.[19]

By-Jo Theatre[edit]

Opened in Germantown in 1926, the By-Jo is an active historic theater that is located at 20 North Main Street and open Friday, Saturday, and Sunday for new movie releases.[20][21]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Germantown Public Schools are part of the Valley View School District.[22]

Town partnerships and sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Germantown village, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Germantown, OH | History". germantown.oh.us. Retrieved 2015-04-13. 
  9. ^ "History". Germantown, Ohio. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Germantown: History". http://germantown.oh.us. Germantown Municipality. Retrieved 29 Mar 2015. 
  11. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Germantown Ohio: Govy". http://germantown.oh.us. Germantown Municipality. Retrieved 29 Mar 2015. 
  19. ^ "Germantown Ohio: Alley System". http://germantown.oh.us. Germantown Municipality. Retrieved 29 Mar 2015. 
  20. ^ "Germantown Ohio: By-Jo Theatre". http://germantown.oh.us. Germantown Municipality. Retrieved 29 Mar 2015. 
  21. ^ "By-Jo Theatre Website". http://www.by-jo.com/. By-Jo Theatre. Retrieved 2 Apr 2015. 
  22. ^ "Valley View Local Schools". www.valleyview.k12.oh.us. Retrieved 2015-04-13. 

External links[edit]