Germantown (town), New York
|Germantown, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town SupervisorRoy Brown||Roy Brown (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||13.9 sq mi (36.0 km2)|
|• Land||12.1 sq mi (31.5 km2)|
|• Water||1.8 sq mi (4.6 km2)|
|Elevation||249 ft (76 m)|
|• Density||140/sq mi (54/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978998|
|Website||Town of Germantown|
Germantown is a Town in Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 1,954 at the 2010 census. The Town of Germantown is located in the southwest part of the county, which is east of the Hudson River.
The first Europeans to buy property in the county were Dutch. Robert Livingston, a Scots immigrant, bought thousands of acres from the Indians, before gaining a huge grant from the Crown. He owned a total of 160,240 acres. He was made lord of the Livingston Manor. In 1710, he sold 6,000 acres of his property to Queen Anne of England for use as work camps and resettlement of Palatine German refugees. Some 1200 persons were settled at work camps to manufacture naval stores and pay off their passage as indentured labor. The area was later renamed as Germantown).
Following the United States' gaining independence in the American Revolutionary War, the Town was organized in 1788 from a previously organized district.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36.0 km²), of which, 12.1 square miles (31.5 km²) of it is land and 1.8 square miles (4.6 km²) of it (12.65%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,018 people, 831 households, and 546 families residing in the town. The population density was 166.0 people per square mile (64.1/km²). There were 984 housing units at an average density of 81.0 per square mile (31.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.93% White, 1.14% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.
There were 831 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,195, and the median income for a family was $50,885. Males had a median income of $36,806 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,198. About 5.0% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Germantown
- Cheviot – A hamlet near the Hudson River, south of Germantown hamlet.
- Germantown – The hamlet of Germantown is located near the Hudson River on Route 9G.
- North Germantown – A hamlet on Route 9G north of Germantown hamlet.
- Palatine Park – A park northeast of Germantown hamlet.
- Viewmont – A hamlet on the south town line.
- Knittle, Walter Allen (1965). Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8063-0205-4.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.