as a division of Eurowings
as a separate company
|Frequent-flyer program||Boomerang Club
|Parent company||Deutsche Lufthansa AG|
|Key people||Thomas Winkelmann (CEO)
Dr. Axel Schmidt
Germanwings GmbH is a low-cost airline based in Cologne, Germany, and is wholly owned by Lufthansa. Cologne Bonn Airport, Stuttgart Airport, Hamburg Airport and Berlin Tegel Airport are the main hubs in the airline's network of approximately 86 destinations, further Germanwings bases are at Hannover Airport and Dortmund Airport as well as Düsseldorf Airport starting in March 2014.
In January 2013, Lufthansa started to move its entire short-haul operations outside of its main hubs in Frankfurt and Munich to Germanwings.
In 1997, Eurowings set up a low-cost department, which became a separate company under the name Germanwings on 27 October 2002. On 7 December 2005, the airline signed an agreement to purchase 18 Airbus A319 aircraft (with a further 12 options), with deliveries scheduled from July 2006 until 2008.
Change of ownership
In 2008 initial plans were made to merge Germanwings, Eurowings and TUIfly into one airline to compete with Air Berlin/LTU in the German market and with EasyJet and Ryanair on international routes, but these plans were never realized. Instead, Germanwings became a wholly owned Lufthansa subsidiary on 1 January 2009.
In 2012 Lufthansa announced that it plans to transfer point-to-point shorthaul flights operating from cities other than Frankfurt and Munich from Lufthansa to Germanwings. Therefore the company received a revised corporate design. Also several planes from Lufthansa will be transferred to its fleet. The transfer of Lufthansa's shorthaul routes takes place between spring 2013 and spring 2014.
Germanwings has been wholly owned by Lufthansa since 1 January 2009, so formal reporting since then has been within the Group Accounts. In the 2012 accounts, Germanwings figures were reported only within the 'Lufthansa Passenger Airline Group', and are not generally available separately. The key known trends for Germanwings are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):
|Profits (EBITDA) (€m)||39||63||−9||−15||n/a|
|Number of employees (at year end)||1,046||1,111||1,272||1,274||n/a|
|Number of passengers (m)||7.6||7.2||7.7||7.5||7.8|
|Passenger load factor (%)||n/a||n/a||77.2||78.2||n/a|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||25||26||30||30||32|
|Bombardier CRJ900||6||17||90||To be operated by Eurowings|
|Airbus A319-112||15||2||144||To be transferred from Lufthansa|
|Airbus A320-211||3||18||174||To be transferred from Lufthansa|
|Total||48||39||20 Orders to be transferred from Lufthansa|
The airliners are equipped with either 144 or 150 seats in an all-economy class layout. Some aircraft have had special liveries applied in order to promote German cites (e.g. the Bearbus paint scheme inspired by the coat of arms of Berlin), or as advertisements (e.g. a pink livery for T-Mobile).
As part of the 2013 restructuring and relaunch of Germanwings, alongside the 33 aircraft currently operated, around 30 Lufthansa aircraft will be transferred to Germanwings. Additionally, the 23 aircraft currently operated by Eurowings covering Lufthansa flights not flying out of the Frankfurt and Munich hubs will also be incorporated into Germanwings. Overall, ‘new Germanwings’ will eventually operate around 90 aircraft.
Even though operating as a no-frills airline, Germanwings allows for guaranteed connecting flights. Germanwings operates the Sky Bistro (Bord Shop in German), a buy on board programme offering food and drinks for purchase.
Germanwings also provides an inflight magazine, a bi-monthly German and English magazine called GW. While the primary editorial focus is rooted in Germanwings destinations, the content is not exclusively about travel.
As for its booking services, Germanwings provides a unique option called Blind Booking that allows passengers to choose a hub airport, select a category of destination (e.g. Party or Culture), and then purchase a round-trip ticket via a random lottery process from among the cities in the category. Such tickets are often priced lower than the corresponding ticket to the same destination, and Germanwings e-mails its customers of the destination shortly after the purchase.
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- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 86.
- "Lufthansa to Combine European Flights Into Low-Cost Unit". September 20, 2012.
- Aero International, June 2006
- Announcement of TUI AG. Tui-group.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-01.
- Flottau, Jens. "Lufthansa Transfers Most Short-Haul Flights To Germanwings." Aviation Week. October 11, 2012. Retrieved on October 11, 2012.
- "Annual Report 2008". Lufthansa. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Annual Report 2009". Lufthansa. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Annual Report 2010". Lufthansa. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Annual Report 2011". Lufthansa. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Investor Info 2011". Lufthansa. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Annual Report 2012". Lufthansa. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Facts and Figures June 2013". Lufthansa. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Germanwings Fleet planespotters.net
- Fleet & Crew - About Germanwings
- Germanwings Fleet Details and History – Planespotters.net Just Aviation. Planespotters.net. Retrieved on 2012-05-01.
- Germanwings advertisement brochure, Advertisement through aircraft painting, retrieved 2012-01-20
- The "New Germanwings". Germanwings.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-30.
- . Germanwings. Retrieved on 2012-07-19.
- "." Germanwings. Retrieved on 19 July 2012.
- Germanwings – Magazine :: Apr 2012 — Ink eMagazines. Ink-live.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-01.
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