Germany–Indonesia relations

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Germany–Indonesia relations
Map indicating locations of  Germany  and Indonesia

Germany

Indonesia

Germany–Indonesia relations officially started in 1952 when the diplomatic relation were established,[1] however the relations between the people of Germany and Indonesia has stretched back to 19th-century, when numbers of German nationals migrated to Dutch East Indies.[2]

Germany has an embassy in Jakarta while Indonesia has an embassy in Berlin. The relations between two nations are notable as both holds significant geopolitical influences in each region, Germany is the largest economy in the European Union, and Indonesia is the largest economy in ASEAN.[1][3] Both nations are the member of G-20 major economies.

According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 60% of Indonesians view Germany's influence positively, with only 21% expressing a negative view, one of the most favorable perceptions of Germany in Asia Pacific after South Korea's and Australia's view.[4]

History[edit]

The relations between people of Germany and Indonesia was commenced during 19th-century colonial Dutch East Indies. Indonesian painter Raden Saleh (1807-1880) spent some times in Germany and his works influences the local art scene. On the other hand, numbers of German scientists and artists took interest in Indonesia. Such as the Prussian geographer Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn spent most of his work studying the geography and geology of Indonesia. The German painter Walter Spies (1895-1942) settled on the island of Bali and his works influenced local art.[2]

The bilateral diplomatic relations officially established in 1952 when Indonesia opened a representative office in Bonn for Federal Republic of Germany, and an embassy in 1976 in East Berlin for German Democratic Republic.[1]

During official visit to Indonesia in December 1, 2011, Federal President Christian Wulff and his counterpart, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, identified five key sectors of strategic partnership between Germany and Indonesia; trade and investments, health, education, technology research and innovation, and defense.[1]

Trade and investment[edit]

Currently there are around 300 German companies operating in Indonesia. In 2012, the overall volume of trade reaching USD 7.24 billion. Germany’s main exports to Indonesia were machinery, chemical products, communications technology, electricity equipments, electronic components, metals, motor vehicles, and pharmaceuticals. While Indonesia’s main exports to Germany were food, vegetable oils, textiles, agricultural produce, electronic devices, footwear and mineral ores.[2]

Education and culture[edit]

To date, there are some 30,000 Indonesians have studied in Germany, Indonesian former President B.J. Habibie is one of them. There are numbers of Indonesian students learning Germany in school as well as in German cultural institution such as Goethe Institute, which has offices in Jakarta, Bandung and Surabaya .[2]

High rank visits[edit]

Federal President Christian Wulff paid an official visit to Indonesia in late 2011. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Jakarta in July 2012[3] and Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono paid an official visit to Berlin from 3 to 6 March 2013.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Hubungan kerjasama bilateral Indonesia-Jerman" (in Indonesian). Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Indonesia". Federal Foreign Office. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Ayu Purwaningsih (06.07.2012). "Germany, Indonesia take relations a step further". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  4. ^ 2013 World Service Poll BBC

External links[edit]