On 19 November 2008 three agents of the Bundesnachrichtendienst were arrested in Kosovo and accused of involvement in a bomb attack five days earlier. The German media speculated that this arrest was meant as some kind of punishment for the BND, which in 2005 certified that Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi was involved in the Kosovar-Albanian mafia network. Even though the Kosovo police claimed to have video evidence proving the involvement of the three agents (which was never shown to the public), they were released on November 28, 2008. An unknown group called Army of the Republic of Kosovo (ARK) claimed responsibility for the bomb attack.
Germany participated in the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, which resulted in a UN administration of Kosovo and then to eventual independence. Germany currently has 2,350 troops serving in Kosovo as peacekeepers in the NATO led Kosovo Force. Originally there was 8,500 German troops in KFOR. Klaus Reinhardt was the 2nd KFOR Commander from 8 October 1999 - 18 April 2000. Holger Kammerhoff was the 8th KFOR Commander from 3 October 2003 - 1 September 2004. Also Roland Kather was the 11th KFOR Commander from 1 September 2006 - 31 August 2007.
Germany sent 600 Soldiers to serve as Peacekeepers in EULEX; an EU Police, Civilian and Law Mission in Kosovo.